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Demonstrative Pronouns

 

Вказівні займенники (Demonstrative Adjectives) – це вказівні займенники, що використовуються не самостійно, а у поєднанні з іменником, який вони означують

We use demonstrative Pronouns to point out specific people or things.

 

This (цей, ця, це) and that (той, та, те) 

This is used to point out something that is near by
(використовується для вказівки на щось, що знаходиться поруч):

"This book I'm holding is very old."

 

That is used to point out something that is farther away
(використовується для вказування на щось, що знаходиться далі):

"That mountain looks small because it is so far away."

 

These (ці) and Those (ті)

These and those are used for plural nouns.
(використовується для множини іменників).

 

These is similar to this, but it is used for nearby plurals:
"These keys are all the wrong size for this door."

Those is similar to that, but it is used for far away plurals:
"Those taxi drivers we had on holiday were dangerous drivers."

 

 

 

ВПРАВА 1:

1 - Can you move ___ books into the other room?
those
them

2 - Please pass me ___ cards.
that
those

3 - I have to take ___ DVDs back to the store.
that
these

4 - ___ airport is 50 miles away from here.
This
That

5 - May I borrow some of ___ boxes?
that
these

6 - Look at ___ plane flying high above us.
that
this

7 - ___ is my favourite type of ice-cream.
These
This

8 - I don't know any of ___ people.
Those
Them

9 - ___ mice are so cute!
These
That

10 - I don't know where the files are. I haven't seen ___.
them
those

 

 

ВПРАВА 2:


1. _____ clock is ten minutes fast.
- That
- Those
2.I'm afraid that _____ dishes are dirty.
- these
- this
3._____ ticket is for you.
- These
- This
4._____ flowers are for Jane.
- That
- Those
5._____ record is slightly scratched.
- This
- These
6.Can I borrow _____ book please?
- these
- this
7.Are _____ cigarettes yours?
- this
- these
8.Give me _____ ash-tray, please.
- those
- that
9._____ sandwich tastes well.
- These
- This
10._____ exercises aren't difficult.
- These
- This
11.All _____ rooms are already booked.
- these
- that
12.I like _____ gloves.
- that
- those
13.What are _____ students doing here?
- these
- this
14._____ people are our representatives.
- That
- These
15._____ money is at your disposal.
- That
- Those
16._____ taxi is free.
- Those
- That
17._____ books are to arrive next week.
- That
- Those
18.Don't touch _____ bottles.
- this
- these
19.Post _____ letter at once, please.
- these
- this
20.What are you doing with _____ knife?
- that
- those 

 

ВПРАВА 3:


Change from singular to plural by changing This/That to These/Those

 

1. That is an elephant >>
are elephants
2. This is a book >>
are books
3. That is a tiger >>
are tigers
4. That is a pencil >
are pencils
5. This is a carrot >>
are carrots 6. This is a pen >>
are pens
7. That is a boy >>
are boys
8. This is a box >>
are boxes
9. That is a girl >>
are girls
10. That is an orange >>
are oranges