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ПОРІВНЯННЯ ЧАСІВ - Past Simple/Past Continuous/Past Simple/Past Perfect Continuous - 10 клас

 

Відмінність  у  вживанні   минулого неозначеного, минулого тривалого, минулого доконаного

та минулого доконано-тривалого часів.


 


1. Минулий неозначений час вживається у таких випадках:


1) Копи дія відбупась (і завершилась) у певний момент у минулому:

She washed her hair half an hour ago.


2) Коли дві або більше дій відбулись одна за одною послідовно та без великих інтервалів у часі:

They came into а cafe, sat down at a table and ordered two coffees.


3) Для описания станів та звичок у минулому:

Не used to play football/played football when he was a schoolboy.


4) Якідо присудком у реченні виступають дієслова, які не вживаються у минулому тривалому часі, то

вони вживаються у мину­лому неозначеному часі:

We agreed to help her.

 

 


2. Минулий тривалий час вживається у таких випадках:


1) Коли дія тривала у певний момент у минулому:

She was washing the dishes at 6 o'clock yesterday.


2) Коли дві та більше дій тривали одночасно у минулому:

While she was washing the dishes, her husband was drying them.


3) Коли одна дія тривала у минулому, а інша її перервала:

Не was watching TV when his friend phoned.

 

 


3. Минулий доконаний час вживаеться у таких випадках:


1) Якщо дія завершилась до певного моменту в мимулому:

We had come home by 8 o'clock yesterday.


2) Якщо дія завершилась до початку іншої дії в мимулому.

They had returned home before the film began, (перша дія: they had returned home, друга дія: the film began)

 

Порівняйте:

We reached the hotel and the rain started. (послідовні дії)

We reached the hotel after the rain had started. (перша дія: the rain had started; друга дія: we reached the hotel)

 

 


4. Минулий доконано - тривалий час вживається у таких випадках:


1) Якщо дія тривала якийсь час до певного моменту чи до початку іншої дії у минулому;

We nacf been walking for forty minutes before we reached the village.


2) Щоб підкреслити, що дія тривала достатньо довго в минулому і мала виднммн результат:

He was confused because he had been solving that problem for hours.

 

 

 

 


1. Circle the correct item.


1) Tina sunbathed/was sunbathing while her children swam/were swimming in the sea.

2) Mr White phoned /had phoned us after the conference was beginning/had begun.

3)Theyii>ere sailing/ had been saili ng for two weeks before they reached the continent.

4) My brother bought/had bought this computer a year ago.

5) We had/were ha ving breakfast when our neighbour knocked/had knocked at the door.

6) Tom's eyes were red because he had worked/had been working at the computer all day.

7) Dolly took/was taking a letter, opened/was opening it and started/had started reading.

8) After we cleaned/had cleaned the house we decided/had decided to go to the cinema.

9) The boys were playing/had been playing tennis at 3 o'clock yesterday.

10) Mrs Davis was upset because she was losing/had lost her purse.

 

 

 


1) was sunbathing; were swimming;
2) phoned; had begun;
3) had been sailing;
4) bought;
5) were having; knocked;
6) had been working;
7) took; opened; started;
8) had cleaned; decided;
9) were playing;
10) had lost.

 

 

 

 


2. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple or the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.


1) Mike ... (to сycle) for two hours before he ... (to stop) for a rest.

2) We ... (to walk) about for half a day before we ... (to find) your house.

3) They ... (to wait) for an hour already when the taxi ... (to arrive).

4) Victor ... (to feel) tired because he ... (to dig) out the bushes in the garden all day.

5) Before Alice ... (to prepare) all the dishes she ... (to cook) for four hours.

6) It ... (to snow) for two days before the weather ... (to change).

7) Simon ... (to surf) the Internet for six hours before he ... (to find) the necessary information.

8) The scientists of our institute ... (to conduct) the research for many years before they ... (to discover) a new

source of energy.

9) Jack ... (to wonder) how long he ... (to wait) for Sandra.

10) Betty ... (to stare) at me for a few minutes before she ... (to understand) the meaning of my words.

 

 

 

 


1) Mike had been cycling for two hours before he stopped for a rest.
2) We had been walking about for half a day before we found your house,
3) They had been waiting for an hour already when the taxi arrived.
4) Victor felt tired because he had been digging out the bushes in the garden all day.
5) Before Alice prepared all the dishes she had been cooking for four hours.
6) It had been snowing for two days before the weather changed.
7) Simon had been surfing the Internet for six hours before he found the necessary information.
8) The scientists of our institute had been conducting the research for many years before they discovered a new source of energy.
9) Jack wondered how long he had been waiting for Sandra.
10) Betty had been staring at me for a few minutes before she understood the meaning of my words.

 

 

 

 

 


3. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple, the Past Continuous,

the Past Perfect or the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.


1) The boys ... (to play) volleyball on the beach yesterday.

2) They ... (to play) volleyball from 9 to 11 yesterday morning.

3) By 5 o'clock yesterday their team ... (to play) two games of volleyball.

4) Den ... (toplay) volleyball for ten minutes yesterday when he suddenly ... (to twist) his ankle.

5) At that time Ron ... (to listen) to music in his room and ... (not to hear) the doorbell.

6) The secretary ... (to talk) on the phone for twenty minutes when the door ... (to open) and her boss ... (to come) into the

room.

7) Peter ... (to drive) towards the airport last Sunday when he suddenly ... (to remember) that he ... (to leave) his passport at

home.

8) We ... (to go) to a cafe after we ... (to meet) Sally.

9) When David ... (to return) home yesterday his wife ... (to cook) the chicken which she ... (to buy) in the supermarket the

day before.

10) It ... (to be) midnight and Linda ... (to sleep) hut John ... (to lie) sleepless because he ... (to think) about the words his chief

... (to tell) him at the end of the working day.

 

 

 

 


1) The boys played volleyball on the beach yesterday.
2) They were playing volleyball from 9 to 11 yesterday morning.
3) By 5 o'clock yesterday their team had played two games of volleyball.
4) Den had been playing volleyball for ten minutes yesterday when he suddenly twisted his ankle.
5) At that time Ron was listening to music in his room and didn't hear the doorbell.
6) The secretary had been talking on the phone for twenty minutes when the door opened and her boss came into the room.
7) Peter was driving towards the airport last Sunday when he suddenly remembered that he had left his passport at home.
8) We went to a cafe after we had met Sally.
9) When David returned home yesterday his wife was cooking the chicken which she had bought in the supermarket the day before.
10) It was midnight and Linda was sleeping but John was Iving sleepless because he was thinking about the words his chief had
told him at the end of the working day.

 

 

 

 


5. Find mistakes and correct them.


1) Greg and Bob had looked for their dog for two hours before they found it sleeping under a bench in the park.

2) We had been boating in the lake at 10 o'clock yesterday morning.

3) She finished cooking dinner by the time her children returned from school.

4) When Henry opened the door of the living room, his little brother watched cartoons on TV.

5) Sally took a piece of paper and had written her phone number on it.

6) We were driving for six hours before we saw a small hotel beside the road.

7) After my friends left I washed the dishes and switched on the TV set.

8) What had you been doing at the moment the fire broke out?

9) How much was your camera costing a year ago?

10) What were Nelly doing while you were doing the ironing?

 

 

 

 

 


1) Greg and Bob had been looking for their dog for two hours before they found it sleeping: under a bench in the park.
2) We were boating in the lake at 10 o'clock yesterday morning.
3) She had finished cooking dinner by the time her children returned from school.
4) When Henry opened the door of the living room, his little brother was watching cartoons on TV.
5) Sally took a piece of paper and wrote her phone number on it.
6) We had been driving for six hours before we saw a small hotel beside the road,
7) After my friends had left I washed the dishes and switched on the TV set.
8) What were you doing at the moment the fire broke out?
9) How much did your camera cost a year ago?
10) What was Nelly doing while you were doing the ironing?

 

 

 

 

 

 


6. Translate into English.


1) Ми вчора купили новий холодильник.

2) Учора діти гуля­ли в парку з 5 до 8 вечора.

3) Ми вчора гуляли в парку більше години, коли побачили Тома. Він з кимось розмовляв біля кінотеатру.

4) Перед тим як ми відправили запрошення, Боб ще раз перевірив адресу.

5) Джулія не знала, на кого її бос чекав уже більше години.

Вона поливала квіти, коли високий чоловік зайшов до офісу і дав їй свою візитну картку.

6) Він чекав на офіціанта вже п'ять хвилин, коли побачив свого старого друга,  який  сидів за столиком біля  вікна.

7) Жінка була дуже стомлена, тому що вона просиділа біля хворої дитини всю ніч.

8) Майк подзвонив о десятій вечора. Ми знали, що він уже повернувся з відрядження, але в той вечір ми не чекали на

його дзвінок.

9) Після того як конфе­ренция завершилася, я попросив професора прочитати мою статтю: "Бизнес это".

10) Поки Емма робила фотокопії документів, я перевіряв електронну пошту і побачив лист, який Тед відправив мені

день тому.

 

 

 

 

 


1) We bought a new fridge yesterday.
2) The children were walking in the park from 5 till 8 o'clock yesterday evening.
3) We had been walking for more than an hour when we saw Tom yesterday. He was talking to somebody near the cinema.
4) Before we sent the invitations, Bob had checked the address one more time.
5) Julia didn't know who her boss had been waiting for more than an hour.
She was watering the flowers when a tall man came into the office and gave her his visiting card.
6) He had been waiting for the waiter for five minutes when he saw his old friend, who was sitting at the table near the window.
7) A woman was very tired because she had been sitting near the sick child all night.
8) Mike phoned at ten o'clock in the evening.
We knew that he had already returned from the business trip but we weren't waiting for his call that evening.
9) After the conference had finished I came up to the professor and asked him to read my article.
10) While Emma was photocopying the documents, I was checking the e-mail and saw the letter which
Ted had sent me a day before.

 

 

 

 


7. Translate into English.


1) Він повернувся з конференції півгодини тому.

2) Поки я розмовляв по телефону, моя сестра у важно слухала новини по радіо.

3) Коли Нік прийшов додому, він пригадав, що не відправив повідомлення менеджеру фірми.

4) Ми ремонтували машину в гаражі, коли почули якийсь шум на вулиці.

5) Ми розмовляли близько десяти хвилин, коли раптом задзвонив мій мобільний телефон.

6) Стара жінка запросила нас у вітальню і пригостила пирогом з капустою, який вона спекла вранці.

7) Діти грались у саду дві години перед там, як розпочався дощ.

8) Бен почав працювати у нашій фірмі після того, як він закінчив університет.

9) Одяг хлопців був брудний, бо вони грали у футбол весь день.

10) Рятівники працювали всю нічь перш ніж прилетіли гелікоптери з лікарями.

 

 

 

 

 


1) He returned from the conference half an hour ago.
2) While I was speaking on the phone, my sister was listening to the news on the radio very attentively.
3) When Nick came home he remembered that he hadn't sent a message to the manager of the firm.
4) We were repairing the car in the garage when we heard some noise outside.
5) We had been speaking: for about ten minutes when suddenly my mobile phone rang.
6) An old woman invited us to the living room and treated us to the cabbage pie which she had baked in the morning.
7) The children had been playing in the garden for two hours before the rain started.
8) Ben started working in our firm after he had graduated from university.
9) The boys* clothes were dirty because they had been playing football all day.
10) The rescuers had been working all night before the helicopters with the doctors came flying.

 

 

 

 


8. Find mistakes and correct them.


1) They had arrived at the airport on time yesterday.

2) Colin was finishing his work before he went to bed.

3) Jessica had cut her finger when she was slicing bread.

4) Sally was taking a bath for ten minutes before the water was cut off.

5) The secretary had been making copies when the photocopier broke down.

6) She washed the dishes and had poured herself a cup of tea.

7) Nick went to the swimming pool after he was watching the news.

8) While we were gathering vegetables in the garden our mother had made an apple pie for dessert.

9) Gordon felt sleepy because he worked all night.

10) Wendy was studying management for three years before she got her diploma.

 

 

 

 


1) They arrived at the airport on time yesterday.
2) Colin had finished his work before he went to bed.
3) Jessica cut her finger when she was slicing bread.
4) Sally had been taking a bath for ten minutes before the water was cut off.
5) The secretary was making copies when the photocopier broke down.
6) She washed the dishes and poured herself a cup of tea.
7) Nick went to the swimming pool after he had watched the news.
8) While we were gathering vegetables in the garden our mother was making an apple pie for dessert.
9) Gordon felt sleepy because he had been working all night.
10) Wendy had been studying management for three years before she got her diploma.

 

 

 

 

 


9. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple or the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.


1) Sarah ... (to write) poems since she ... (to be) a schoolgirl.

2) Ben ... (to stay) in New York for two days before he ... (to manage) to buy the ticket for Melbourne.

3) A little boy ... (to pi ay) with his new toy car for some hours before it... (to break).

4) They ... (to discuss) the news for half an hour before their chief ... (to come) to the office.

5) Isabel ... (to try) on clothes for more than an hour before she ... (to choose) a dress for the party.

6) Henry and Jane ... (to travel) around the USA for some weeks before I ... (to meet) them in San Francisco.

7) How long ... you ... (to sleep) before the doctor ... (to come).

8) Where ... Dave ... (to go) when his chief ... (to see) him?

9) Amanda ... (to look) at the photo for some minutes before she ...(to pat) it back into the album.

10) They ... (to be) wet because they ... (to walk) under the rain for some hours.

 

 

 

 


1) Sarah had been writing poems since she was a schoolgirl.
2) Ben had been staving in New York for two days before he managed to buy the ticket for Melbourne.
3) A little boy had been playing with his new toy car for some hours before it broke.
4) They had been discussing the news for half an hour before their chief came to the office.
5) Isabel had been trying on clothes for more than an hour before she chose a dress for the party.
6) Henry and Jane had been travelling around the USA for some weeks before I met them in San Francisco.
7) How long had you been sleeping before the doctor came?
8) Where had Dave been going when his chief saw him?
9) Amanda had been looking at the photo for some minutes before she put it back into the album.
10) They were wet because they had been walking under the rain for same hours.


 

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