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1. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE - ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ ДОКОНАННЙ ЧАС (ВПРАВИ З ВІДПОВІДЯМИ) - 7 КЛАС

 

 

PRESENT  PERFECT  TENSE - ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ  ДОКОНАННЙ  ЧАС


 

Теперішній  доконаний  час вживається, коли йдеться про події, що нещодавно відбулнсь, або час у мину­лому. коли вони мали місце, не названо. Стверджувальна форма теперішнього доконаного часу утворюється додаванням допоміжного дієслова have/has до основного дієслова у третій формі V3 (для неправильних дієслів) або із закінченням -еd (для правильних).

 

I/you/we/they + have + V3 (Ved) He/she/it + has + V3 (Ved)

 

 

 

Наприклад:

 

We have already painted the roof of the house.

She has just had dinner.

 

 


Неправильні дієслова мають спеціальні форми (третя форма непра­вильних дієслів (Past Participle) у таблиці):

go — gone, fiy — flown i т.д.

 


Обставини часу, характерні для теперішнього доконаного часу:


just (щойно)

already (вже)

ever (коли-небудь)

never (ніколи)

recently (нещодавно, останнім часом)

lately (нещодавно, останнім часом)

yet (ще)

since (а того часу як)

for (протягом)

today (сьогодні)

this week (month, year) (цього тижня, місяця, року)

so far (поки що).

 

 

Обставини часу, як правило, розташовуються між допоміжним та основним дієсловом

(just, already, ever, never тощо) або в кінці ре­чения (today, yet, so far, this week тощо).

Yet вживається тільки в заперечних та питальних реченнях.

 

 

Наприклад:


We have never been to the Zoo.

I have seen him twice this week.

He hasn't left yet.

 

 

 


1. Write the Past Participle of the following verbs.


To begin

to bring

to break

to catch

to eat

to fall

to get

to go

to hide

to hold

to keep

to lend

to lose

to pay

to rise

to see

to shake

to shoot

to speak

to strike

to take

to teach

to think

to understand

to wake

to win

to write

 

 

 


Begun, brought, broken, caught, eaten, fallen, got/gotten, gone, hidden, held, kept, lent, lost, paid, risen, seen, shaken, shot, spoken, struck, taken, taught, thought, understood, woken, won, written.

 

 

 


2. Choose the irregular verbs and write their Past Participle.


To pretend

to make

to dream

to cancel

to choose

to change

to blow

to burst

to cut

to miss

to provide

to grow

to express

to hurt

to know

to recognize

to freeze

to lead

to launch

to design

to ring

to light

to show

to protect

to fill

to spill

to tell

to improve

to pay

to shine

to refuse

to chase

to burn

to wear

to throw.

 

 



Made, dreamt/ed, chosen, blown, burst, cut, grown, hurt, known, frozen, led, rung, lit, shown, told, spilt, paid, shone, burnt/ed, worn, thrown.

 

 

 


3. Make up the sentences using the Present Perfect Tense.


1) He /just /to send/a letter/to his friend.

2) We/already/to water/ the flowers/in the garden.

3) I/never/to eat/oysters.

4) They /to know/each other/for years.

5) Sheila/to call/ me twice/today.

6) The taxi/just/to arrive.

7) You/just/to destroy/all my plans.

8) Max/never/to ride/a motorbike.

9) The Professor/to give/five lectures/this week.

10) The seminar/ already/to start.

11) We/to live/in this hotel/for three days/ already.

12) The baby/just/to fall asleep.

13) The Connors/to move/into a new house/already.

14) I/to remind/Tom/about the meeting/three times/today.

15) Andrew/to be/to Manchester/ three times/this year.

 

 

 


1) He has just sent a letter to his friend.
2) We have already watered the flowers in the garden.
3) I have never eaten oysters.
4) They have known each other for years.
5) Sheila has called me twice today.
6) The taxi has just arrived.
7) You have just destroyed all my plans.
8) Max has never ridden a motorbike.
9) The Professor has given five lectures this week.
10) The seminar has already started.
11) We have already lived in this hotel for three days.
12) The baby has just fallen asleep.
13) The Connors have already moved into a new house.
14) I have reminded Tom about the meeting three times today.
15) Andrew has been to Manchester three times this year.

 

 

 

 


4. Put the words in brackets into the correct place in the sentences.


1) Monica has ... returned from the trip to Switzerland .... (just)

2) They have ... repaired five cars ... . (this week)

3) We have ... ridden a camel .... (never)

4) Alice has ... typed five letters ... . (so far)

5) I have ... arranged the time of the meeting .... (already)

6) We have ... made ... all the necessary preparations. (just)

7) This surgeon has operated on ... four patients for appendicitis .... (today)

8) Tom has ... painted half of the fence ... . (so far)

9) You have ... driven ... a car. (never)

10) I have received ... only four letters from you ... . (this year)

 

 



1) Monica has just returned from the trip to Switzerland.
2) They have repaired five cars this week.
3) We have never ridden a camel.
4) Alice has typed five letters so far.
5) I have already arranged the time of the meeting.
6) We have just made all the necessary preparations.
7) This surgeon has operated on four patients for appendicitis today.
8) Tom has painted half of the fence so far, 9) You have never driven a car.
10) I have received only four letters from you this year.

 

 

 

 

 


Прийменник since в обставинах часу вживається для позначення початку дії в минулому:


Bill has been at the раґіу since seven o'clock.

 


Прийменник for в обставинах часу вживасться для позначення періоду, протягом я кого відбувалася дія до теперішнього часу:

 

Не has lived in Dresden for six years.

 


 


5. Fill in since or for.

1)

... three weeks;

6)

.. two years;

2)

... January;

7)

.. our last meeting;

3)

... 2003;

8)

.. my childhood;

4)

... half an hour;

9)

.. five days;

5)

... three o'clock;

10)

.. a long time.

 

 

 

 

 


1) for three weeks; 2) since January; 3) since 2003; 4) for half an hour; 5) since three o'clock; 6) for two years; 7) since our last meeting; 8) since my childhood; 9) for five days; 10) for a long time.

 

 

 

 


6. Complete the sentences with for or since.


1) Roger has worked as a dentist ... twelve years.

2) Sandra has studied in our class ... October.

3) I have known Alex ... ages.

4) Ella has worked in the bank only ... two weeks.

5) Julia has been to seven countries ... she started her journey.

6) Belinda has changed a lot... we met last time.

7) We have been to Tokyo ... five days already.

8) Nick has had this car ... a year and a half.

9) Joe has been a designer ... she graduated from university.

10) James has been my business partner ... more than fourteen years.

 

 



1) Roger has worked as a dentist for twelve years.
2) Sandra has studied in our class since October.
3) I have known Alex for ages.
4) Ella has worked in the bank only for two weeks.
5) Julia has been to seven countries since she started her journey.
6) Belinda has changed a lot since we met last time.
7) We have been to Tokyo for five days already.
8) Nick has had this car for a year and a half.
9) Joe has been a designer since she graduated from university.
10) James has been my business partner for more than fourteen years.

 



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