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PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME - ПРИЙМЕННИКИ ЧАСУ / ПРЕДЛОГИ ВРЕМЕНИ



1. Порівняй at, on, in / Сравни at, on, in


They came at 5 o'clock. - Вони прийшли в 5 годин. / Они пришли в 5 часов.

They came on Friday. - Вони прийшли в п'ятницю. / Они пришли в пятницу.

They came in October. - Вони приїхали в жовтні. / Они приехали в октябре.

They came in 1968. - Вони приїхали в 1968 році. / Они приехали в 1968 году.




2. Ми використовуємо at для позначення часу доби /

Мы используем at для обозначения времени суток:


at five o'clock - о 5:00 / в о 5:00

at 11.45 - в 11.45 / в  11.45

at midnight - опівночі / в полночь

at lunchtime - в обідню перерву / в обеденный перерыв

at sunset   etc. - на захід сонця  / на закате




3. Ми використовуємо on для позначення днів та дат /

Мы используем on для обозначения дней и дат:


on Friday - в п'ятницю / в пятницу

on Fridays - по п'ятницях / по пятницам

on 16 May 1999 - 16 травня 1999 / 16 мая 1999

on Christmas Day - на Різдво / на Рождество

on my birthday - в мій день народження / в мой день рождения




4. Ми використовуємо in для позначення місяців, років, сезонів /

Мы используем in для обозначения месяцев, лет, сезонов:



in October - в жовтні /в октябре

in 1988 - в 1988 році / в 1988 году

in the 18th century - в 18 столітті / в 18 веке

in the past - в минулому / в прошлом

in (the) winter - взимку / зимой

in the 1990s - в 1990-х / в 1990-х

in the Middle Ages - в середні століття / в средние века

in (the) future - в майбутньому / в будущем




5. Ми використовуємо at в цих висловах / Мы используем at в этих выражениях:


at night - в нічний час / в ночное время

at the weekend (at weekends) - у вихідні (у вихідні дні) / в выходные (в выходные дни)

at Christmas - на Різдво / на Рождество

at the moment (at present) - на даний момент (в даний час) /  на данный момент (в настоящее время)

at the same time - в той же час / в то же время




6. Ми використовуємо in в цих висловах / Мы используем in в этих выражениях:


in the morning(s) - вранці (по ранках) / утром (по утрам)

in the afternoon(s) -  вдень (у другій половині дня) / днем (во второй половине дня)

in the evening(s) -  ввечері (вечорами) / вечером (по вечерам)




7. Ми не використовуємо at / on / in перед last / next / this / every /

Мы не используем at / on / in перед last /next / this /every:


I'll see you next Friday.  (not on next Friday) - Побачимося в наступну п'ятницю.

They got married last March. (not in last Friday) - Вони одружилися в березні минулого року.

She used this mincer last week. - Вона використовувала цю м'ясорубку  минулого тижня.




In spoken English we often leave out on before days (Sunday/Monday etc.).

I'll see you on Friday, or I'll see you Friday.

I don't go out on Monday mornings, or I don't go out Monday mornings.



In a few minutes / in six months etc.

The train will be leaving in a few minutes.  (= a few minutes from now)

Andy has gone away. He'll be back in a week.  (= a week from now)

She'll be here in a moment.  (= a moment from now)



You can also say 'in six months' time", 'in a week's time' etc.:

They're getting married in six months' time,    or    ... in six months.



We also use in ... to say how long it takes to do something:

I learnt to drive in four weeks.  (= it took me four weeks to learn)




EXERCISES:


1. Complete the sentences. Use at, on or in + the following:

the evening

about 20 minutes

1492

the same time

the moment

21 July 1969

the 1920s

night

Saturdays

the Middle Ages

11 seconds



  1. Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America  in 1492.
  2. It the sky is clear, you can see the stars ________________.
  3. After working hard during the day, I like to relax ________________.
  4. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ________________.
  5. It's difficult to listen if everyone is speaking ________________.
  6. Jazz became popular in the United States ________________.
  7. I'm just going out to the shop. I'll be back. ________________.
  8. (on the phone)  'Can I speak to Dan?'   "I'm afraid he's not here” ________________.
  9. Many of Europe's great cathedrals were built ________________.
  10. Ben is a very fast runner. He can run 100 meters ________________.
  11. Liz works from Monday to Friday. Sometimes she also works ________________.








  1. in1492
  2. at night
  3. in the evening
  4. on 21 July 1969
  5. at the same time
  6. in the 1920s
  7. in about 20 minutes
  8. at the moment
  9. in the Middle Ages
  10. in 11 seconds
  11. (on) Saturdays




2. Put in at, on or in.

  1. Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1956.
  2. I haven't seen Kate for a few days. I last saw her ________ Tuesday.
  3. The price or electricity is going up ________ October.
  4. ________ weekends, we often go for long walks in the country.
  5. I've been invited to a wedding ________ 14 February.
  6. Jonathan is 63. He'll be retiring from his job ________ two years' time.
  7. I'm busy just now. but I'll be with you ________ a moment.
  8. Jenny's brorher is an engineer, but he doesn't have a job ________ the moment.
  9. There are usually a lot of parties ________ New Year's Eve.
  10. I don't like driving ________  night.
  11. My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready ________ two hours.
  12. The telephone and the doorbell rang ________ the same time.
  13. Mary and David always go our for dinner ________ their wedding anniversary.
  14. It was a short book and easy to read. I read it ________ a day.
  15. ________ Sarurday night I went to bed  ________ midnight.
  16. We Travelled overnight to Paris and arrived ________ 5 o'clock ________ the morning.
  17. The course begins ________  7 January and ends sometime ________  April.
  18. I might not be at home ________ Tuesday morning, but I'll be there ________ the afternoon.










  1. in
  2. I last saw her on Tuesday,    or I last saw her Tuesday.
  3. in
  4. At
  5. on
  6. in
  7. in
  8. at
  9. on
  10. at
  11. in
  12. at
  13. on
  14. in
  15. On Saturday night    or Saturday night ... at midnight
  16. at 5 o'clock in the morning
  17. on 7 January ... in April
  18. at home on Tuesday morning or   at home Tuesday morning ... in the afternoon
 

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