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СПОЛУЧНИКИ - CONJUNCTIONS (ПРИКЛАДИ)

 

 

СПОЛУЧНИКИ - CONJUNCTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Сполучник — службова частина мови, що вжи-вається для поєднання однорідних членів речен­ия та частин складного речения.


Розрізняють сполучники сурядності та під-рядності. Сполучники сурядності поєднують од-норідні члени речения та частини складносуряд-ного речения. Сполучники підрядності поєднують головне та підрядне речения.

 

 


СПОЛУЧНИКИ


ПРИКЛАД

 

Зіставні

and (та),

both ... and (як, так i),

neither ... nor (ані... ані)

I've been to Kyiv and Lviv.—

Я був у Києві та Львові.

Протиставні

but (але),

whereas

(не-зважаючи на те що)

I don't like detectives but my friend loves them.—

Я не люблю детекти­вы, але моя подруга їх любить.

Розділові

or (чи),

either... or (або ... або)

Do you want apples or do you want oranges? —

Tu хочеш яблук ни апельсинів?

 

Пояснювальні

that is (тобто)

He asked us to invite him that is to send him an official invitation.—

Biн попросив нас запросити його, тобто надіслати йому офіційне запрошення.

Приєднальні

and also (i також)

The day was so nice and also very warm,— День буе таким гарним i також дуже теплим.

З'ясувальні

that (що, про що)

This is the very man that I told you about.— Це той самий чоловік, про якого я тобі розповідала.

Часові

when (коли),

as soon as (як тільки),

as long as (до тих nip поки),

while (в той час як),

after (після того як),

before (перед тим як),

since (з тих nip як),

until (до того як)

I was watching TV when my moth­er came home.—

Я дивився телевізор, коли моя мама прийиіла додому.


СПОЛУЧНИКИ


ПРИКЛАД

Причинові

because (бо),

as (оскільки),

so/such... that

(для того щоб),

since (оскільки)

Since it's your birthday, I'll let you buy anything you want—

Оскільки це твій день народження, я до­зволяю тобг купити все, що за-бажаеш.

Наслідкові

so (отже),

therefore (та­ким чином)

Martin has broken his leg, so he can't play football.—

Мартін зла-мав ногу, отже, він не може грати у футбол.

Порівняльні

as... as (так... як),

as (як), as if (ніби),

than (ніж)

I'm as happy as a child.—

Я щасливий, як дитина.

Умовні

if (якщо),

whether (чи)

If he comes, please give him this book.— Якщо він прийде, будь ласка, віддай йому цю книгу.

Допустові

although (хоча),

though (хоча),

in spite of

(не-зважаючи на),

despite the fact

(незважаючи на те, що)

She can't speak German, although she has lived in Germany for two years.—

Бона не може розмовляти німецькою мовою, хоча прожила в Німеччині два роки.

Мети

in order to (для того, щоб),

so that (для того, щоб),

so (для того, щоб)

I came to my friend in order to help him.—

Я прийшов до товариша для того, щоб допомогти йому.


 

 

 

 

СПОЛУЧНИК



ПЕРЕКЛАД

ПРИКЛАД

also

також

I live in this house, he also lives here.

and

І
тa

You and I are busy.
You are busy and I am free.

as

як
так як
коли
у якості

As you know I live in Saint-Petersburg.
As he was busy he couldn't come.
As I spoke to him, he was silent.
He works as an engineer.

as.... as

також... як

I am as busy as you are.

as far as

наскільки

As far as I know he is an engineer.

as long as

до тих пір поки ....

As long as I stay here we'll often meet.

as soon as

як тільки

I'll ring you as soon as I am free.

as well as

(а також) і

This book is useful as well as interesting.

because

тому що

I have come here because 1 wanted to help you.

because of

із-за

I was late for the concert because of you.

both.... and

як....так і

Both students and teachers were present at the meeting.

but

але
крім
He invited me but I was busy.
I know all these words but one.

either... or

или .... или

In the evening I'll either work at home or at the library.

however

однак
як би ні
He lost his book, but he found it however next day.
However busy I may be, Г11 help you.

if

якщо

If I see him I'll speak to him.

in case

у випадку, якщо

What'll we do in case you don't come.

in order

для того, щоб

I went to the library in order to read this book.

moreover

більш того

It was dark, moreover it was cold.

neither... nor

ні... ні

We found him neither at home, nor at the library.

nevertheless

тим не меньш

The work was difficult nevertheless we did it.

no matter where

куда б ... ні

No matter where he goes, he takes coffee with him.

no matter how

як би ...ні

No matter how he tried, he could do nothing.

no matter when

коли б ... ні

No matter when I came I always found him at work.

no matter who
_________________

хто б  ...ні
_________________________

No matter who comes it's a pleasure for me.
_________________________________________






















no matter what

щоб... ні

No matter what happens I'll do it myself.

no matter why

чому б  ... ні

No matter why he was excused by the teachers.

nor

також не...

He didn't come at 9 a.m. nor did he came at 10 a.m.

now that

зараз, коли

Now that we became friends I can tell you everything.

once

раз (вже)

Once we began this work, we must finish it.

on the contrary

навпаки

The text isn't difficult at all, on the contrary it's very easy.

on the other hand

з іншого боку

The work is difficult, on the other hand it's very interesting.

or

або

I'll go there tomorrow or never.

otherwise

інакше

We must start now otherwise we might be late.

so ...that

так, що

There were so many people in the hall,
that I didn't find the seat.

so ...as

так щоб

I came earlier so as to speak to you

not so as

не так... як

The work wasn't so easy as I expected.

still

все таки, все ще

The work isn't difficult still it'll take a few days.

than

ніж

Moscow is larger than Kiev.

that

що
те, що

He said that he would be at home.
That he lives in Moscow was news for me.

that is why

ось чому

He is ill, that is why he didn't come.

therefore

тому

I like the film, therefore I saw it many times.

although

хоча

I enjoyed the walk although the weather was bad.

thus

таким чином

He solved the problem, thus helped his family.

unless

якщо... не

We go to Moscow unless the parents allow us.

what

що

1 want to know what it is.

whether

чи...

I want to know whether he works.

while

в той час як

Some of us will go to Moscow while the others stay at home.

yet

однак

He made a long speech and yet he didn't say all the truth.

not yet

ще не

He hasn't come yet.

for

за (голосуя за...)

I'm all for it.

against

проти
(голосуя проти...)

I'm against it.

like

як

I want a "T-shirt" like that one.

unlike
_________________

не так як
_________________________

Unlike many English men he prefers coffee to tea.
_________________________________________

 

 

 


 

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