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The Present Indefinite Tense






1. Put the following sentences into the singular:

Pattern: They wish to speak to you. — He wishes to speak to you.

The students work hard. — The student works hard.

1. They help their father.

2. Buses pass my house every hour.

3. His sons go to the local school.

4. They usually catch the 8.10 bus.

5. The rivers freeze in winter.

6. They fish in the lake.

7. The children like sweets.

8. My friends study English.

9. Do they like boiled eggs? Yes, they do.

10. These figures astonish me.

11. They wash the floor every week.

12. They dress well.

13. They sometimes miss English lessons.

14. The taxes rise every year.

15. What do they do on their days off? — They do nothing. They lie in bed all day.


2. Give short and full answers:

1. Do you remember your first teacher?

2. Do you speak English with your friends?

3. Do you always look very well?

4. Does your friend live in the hostel?

5. Does your father smoke?

6. Does it often rain here in July?
7. Don’t you go shopping every day?

8. Do the students like all the subjects they study?

9. Do you often miss English lessons?


3. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:

Pattern: His parents live in Kyiv.

Do his parents live in Kyiv?

His parents don’t /do not/ live in Kyiv.

Your friend lives in the hostel.

Does your friend live in the hostel?

Your friend doesn’t /does not/ live in the hostel.

1. The students make a lot of mistakes in their dictations.

2. My brother lives in Odesa.

3. My cousin wants to become a manager.

4. His parents work at a machine-building plant.

5. Our family go to the South in July.
6. We listen to the radio in the morning.

7. It often snows in November.
8. You meet him every day.

9. You know the answer.

10. They realize the danger.

11. He has breakfast at 8 o’clock.

12. She agrees with you.


4. Use always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, rarely and never to talk about your daily activities:

1. get up at 7 o’clock

2. do my morning exercises

3. have breakfast 
4. feel terrible

5. drink coffee in the morning

6. drink more than two cups of coffee

7. come to class on time 8. come to class late

9. speak English in the classroom

10. study in the library

11. do my homework

12. go to bed early

13. go to bed after midnight

14. sleep well.


5. Ask questions about the time of the action:

1. My classes begin at a quarter past eight.

2. I usually have lunch at half-past twelve.

3. It snows in winter.

4. My parents come home late.
5. Alice works in the laboratory on Wednesdays.

6. I get up early on weekdays.

7. After classes the students study in the library.

8. Snow melts in spring.
9. He finishes work at 6 o’clock.

10. They spend their holidays in the Crimea.


6. Ask questions about the place of the action:

1. My aunt and uncle live in Canada.

2. My parents spend their holidays in the country.

3. Many birds fly to the South in autumn.

4. He wants to go there very much.

5. The Brouns always go to the seaside in summer.

6. The sun rises in the East.

7. The teacher corrects our exercises in class.

8. She teaches English at the University.

9. He spends much time in the garden.

10. I buy my clothes at a department store.


7. Put questions to the italicized words:

1. My friend is an economist.

2. He knows English well.

3. The students of our group usually get good marks.

4.Ann helps her mother about the house.

5. We go to the park at the weekend.

6. At the lessons we read and speak English.

7. They don’t know his address.

8. My father goes to his work five days a week.


8. Complete the disjunctive questions:

1. You don’t know French, ... ?

2. She doesn’t believe you, ... ?

3. He puts the money in the bank, ... ?

4. You don’t agree with Bill, ... ?

5. He never takes advice, ... ?

6. They don’t want to sell the house, ... ?

7. You put sugar in tea, ... ?

8. But you don’t put it in coffee, ... ?

9. The rivers freeze in winter, ... ?

10. He loves her, ... ?

11. It doesn’t hurt, ... ?


9. Explain the use of the Present Indefinite Tense:

1. She lives in Kyiv with her mother and two brothers.

2. He speaks both French and English fluently.

3. The Dnipro runs into the Black Sea.
4. He likes reading Ukrainian newspapers.

5. I don’t understand this grammar rule.

6. If he comes, I shall ask him about it.

7. I always get up at 7 o’clock.

8. The steamer sails tomorrow.

9. Tom looks very well.

10. I don’t recognize that man.

11. He relaxes at weekends.

12. The Earth moves round the Sun.


10. Tell your friend what you usually do

a) at the Engish lessons:

to read the texts,

to ask and answer questions,

to translate the sentences from Ukrainian into English,

to write dictations,

to learn new English words,

to listen to the tape,

to repeat after the speaker,

to listen to the teacher,

to write tests;

b) at the lectures or seminars:

to listen to the lecturer,

to make notes,

to ask and answer questions,

to make a report,

to take part in the discussion,

to clear up,

to write tests.



11. Memorize the following proverbs:

1. The dogs bark, but the caravan goes on.

2. Barking dogs seldom bite.

3. All is well that ends well.

4. Healthis above wealth.

5. Great ship asks deep water.

6. Tastes differ.

7. Even Homer sometimes nods.

8. A new broom sweeps clean.


12. Translate into English:

Я студент першого курсу.

Я вивчаю англiйську мову.

У нас заняття з англiйської мови двічі на тиждень.

Як правило, ми проводимо заняття в лiнгафонному кабiнетi.

На заняттях ми дуже багато читаємо, перекладаємо тексти, виконуємо рiзнi вправи i розмовляємо англiй­ською мовою.

Мiй друг не вивчає англiйської мови.

Вiн вивчає нiмець­ку.

Вiн любить читати книжки нiмецьких авторiв у оригiналi й вiльно розмовляє цiєю мовою.

Мiй друг нiколи не пропускає заняття. Пiсля занять вiн не йде додому.

Вiн iде в бiблiотеку.

Вiн працює дуже напо­легливо i хоче стати юристом.


13. Replace the Infinitives in brackets by the Present Indefinite.

Retell the passage:

Ukraine (to be) a sovereign state.

It (to have) its own territory, higher and local bodies of state power, government, national emblem, state flag, and anthem.

The population of Ukraine (to be) about 52 million people.

There (to be) 24 administrative regions there.

Many countries (to have) common boundaries with Ukraine and (to maintain) economic relations with it.

Ukraine (to pursue) peaceful and neutral policy.

It (to establish) new relations with all countries throughout the world.

It (to set) direct contacts with them signing agreements and treaties.

It (to be) one of the founding members of the United Nations Organization and (to participate) in the work of many international organizations.

Ukraine (to be) a member of the International Monetary Fund, International Bank of Reconstruction and Development, International Finance Corporation, the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development, the North Atlantic Council of Cooperation, and others.

The main river in Ukraine (to be) the Dnipro which (to divide) it into Right-bank and Left-bank territories.

Sea transport (to play) an important part in Ukraine’s economy.

The ports of the country (to ensure) trade contacts with over 80 countries.