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PASSIVE VOICE - ПАСИВНИЙ СТАН (ВПРАВИ З ВІДПОВІДЯМИ)

 

ПЕРЕТВОРІТЬ НАСТУПНІ  РЕЧЕННЯ В ПАСИВНИЙ СТАН

 

 

 


A


INDEFINITE TENSES (give two forms where possible).


Example: Tom gave her a book. — She was given a book. The book was given to her.
1. He broke my watch.
2. The teacher explained the rule to the students.
3. He often asks me to help them.
4. They usually do written exercises in class.
5. She will make a new discovery soon.
6. Steve will make a report at the conference.
7. They play tennis all year round.
8. His friends  never forgave his betrayal.
9. The manager offers me several jobs.
10. They will promise you much, but don't imagine they will give you everything.
11. His parents regularly sent him parcels with fruit from their garden.
12. They will give me a leave in JoJy if there is no urgent work.
13. The Spanish government offered Columbus three ships.
14. They usually send their children to camp for summer.
15. The officer charged him with a very important mission.
16.  I'm sure we'll settle the matter easily.
17. The policeman fined the driver for exceeding the speed limit
18. Somebody calls her every day.
19. We request the passengers leaving for London to register.
20. The manager will sign contracts tomorrow.

 




В


INDEFINITE TENSES (pay attention to prepositions).


Example: She looks after him well. — He is well looked after (by her).
1. We sent for the police.
2. They speak much about this book.
3. They often laugh at him.
4. They listened to our conversation very attentively.
5. I think they will wait for us only in a week.
6. Nobody took notice of his late arrival.
7. We looked through all the advertisements very attentively.
8. He was a brilliant speaker, and whenever he spoke, the audience listened to him with great attention.
9. They will look after him in hospital much better.
10. Everybody looked at her new dress with interest.
11. She sent them for a taxi.
12. People will talk much about the successful performance of the young actress.
13, They always make fun of him.
14. The teacher pointed out gross mistakes in the translation.
15. He referred to very interesting plans.
16. They agreed upon Monday as the most suitable day.
17. He did not touch upon this question unfortunately.
18. They spoke to him about his promotion yesterday.

 



С


CONTINUOUS TENSES


Example: They are solving a difficult problem now. — The problem is being solved now.
1. Don't come in! The professor is examining students.
2. Can I read the article? — No, the secretary is typing it.
3. We had to hurry. They were waiting for us.
4. It was noisy. Nobody was listening to him.
5. Does he realize that they are laughing at him?
6, Look at this man. I think he is following us.
7. Listen carefully! He is giving a very interesting talk.
8, The waiter is serving us rather fast.
9. The secretary was looking through morning mail.
10. The interpreter is translating their conversation rather well.
11. The briefing is in full swing. The correspondents are interviewing the participants of the conference.
12, The company was developing a new  project.
13. You can't watch the film now. The mechanic is fixing the TV set.

 

 


D


USING THE PERFECT TENSES


Example: They have already brought the medicine. — The medicine has already been brought.
1. You have repaired our house lately.
2. When the fire brigade came, the fire had destroyed the building.
3. The athlete has shown much better results since this coach trains him.
4. I will have answered all the business letters by noon.
5. The president of the board has signed the document.
6.  Is she washing the floor? — No, she has already washed it.
7.  By his arrival they had repaired his car.
8. He has booked the tickets and the clerk will have brought them by 2 o'clock.
9. They had painted the house by his arrival.
10. The police haven't found the reason for the accident yet.
11. Have you touched anything here?
12, The sociologist has interviewed a lot of students.
13. Have they tested all the machines?
14. The flood has caused considerable damage.
15. John will have received the papers by tomorrow.

 




E


MODAL VERBS


Example: He can do this work. — The work can be done (by him).
1. She can find a job easily.
2. The matter is urgent. They should phone her immediately.
3. The boss wants Mr. Black. You must find him.
4.  I can make an interesting offer to you.
5. He's get a pay rise and LOW they can buy a new house.
6. You must send the document as quickly as possible.
7. The weather is warm. She may plant the flowers.
8. The document is of great importance. He must show it to us.
9. He must give back the book on Sunday.
10. Their kitchen is large and they can use it as a dining room.
11. Ecologists say that we should take care of our planet.
12. You must send for the doctor immediately.
13. The lecture is over. You may ask questions.
14. You should avoid the center of town during rush hours.
15. They agreed that the club should raise membership fee.

 

 

 

 


A
1. My watch was broken.
2. The rule was explained to the students. The students were explained the rule.
3.1 am often asked to help them.
4. Written exercises are done in class.
5. A new discovery will be made soon.
6. A report will be made at the conference.
7. Tennis is played all year round.
8. His betrayal was never forgiven by his friends.
9. I am offered several jobs. Several jobs are offered to me.
10. Much will be promised, but don't imagine you will be given everything (everything will be given to you).
11. Parcels with fruit from his parents' garden were regularly sent to him. He was regularly sent parcels with fruit from his parents' garden.
12. A leave in July will be given to me if there is no urgent work. I'll be given a leave in July if there is no urgent work.
13. Three ships were offered Columbus by the Spanish government. Columbus was offered three ships by the Spanish government.
14. Their children are usually sent to camp for summer.
15. A very important mission was charged him with. He was charged with a very important mission.
16. I'm sure the matter will be settled easily.
17. The driver was fined for exceeding the speed limit.
18. She is called by somebody every day.
19. The passengers leaving for London are requested to register.
20. Contracts will be signed by the manager tomorrow.

В
1. The police was sent for.
2. This book is much spoken about.
3. He is often laughed at.
4. Our conversation was listened to very attentively.
5. I think we will be waited for only in a week.
6. His late arrival was not taken notice of.
7. All the advertisements were looked through  very  attentively.
8. He was a brilliant speaker, and whenever he spoke, he was listened to with great  attention.
9. He will be looked after in hospital much better.
10, Her new dress was looked at  with interest.
11. A taxi was sent for.
12. The successful performance of the young actress will be talked much about.
13. He is always made fun of.
14. Gross mistakes in the translation were   pointed out.
15. Very interesting plans were referred to.
16. Monday was  agreed  upon  as  the  most  suitable day.
17. This question was not touched upon unfortunately.
18. He   was  spoken  to  about his promotion yesterday.

С
1. Don't come in! Students are being examined.
2. Can I read the article? — No, it is being typed.
3. We had to hurry. We were being waited for.
4. It was noisy. He was not being listened to.
5. Does he realize that he is being laughed at?
6. Look at this man. I think we are being followed by him.
7. Listen carefully! A very interesting talk is being given.
8. We are being served rather fast. 9. Morning mail was being looked through.
10. Their conversation is being translated rather well.
11. The brief ing is in full swing. The participants of the conference are being interviewed.
12. A new project was being developed by the company.
13. You can't watch the film now. The TV set is being fixed.

D
1. Our house has been repaired lately.
2. When the fire brigade came, the building had been destroyed by the fire.
3. Much better results have been shown by the athlete since he is trained by this coach.
4. All the business letters will have been answered by noon.
5. The document has been signed by the president of the board.
6. Is she washing the floor? — No, it has already been washed.
7. By his arrival his car had been repaired.
8. The tickets have been booked and will have been brought by 2 o'clock.
9. They house had been painted by his arrival.
10. The reason for the accident hasn't been found yet.
11. Has anything been touched here?
12. A lot of students have been interviewed by the sociologist.
13. Have all the machines been tested?
14. Considerable damage has been caused by the flood.
15. The papers will have been received by tomorrow.

E
1. The job can be found by her easily.
2. The matter is urgent. She should be phoned immediately.
3. The boss wants Mr. Black. He must be found.
4. An interesting offer can be made to you.
5. He's got a pay rise and now a new house can be bought.
6. The document must be sent as quickly as possible.
7. The weather is warm. The flowers may be planted.
8. The document is of great importance. It must be shown to us.
9. The book must be given back on Sunday.
10. Their kitchen is large and it can be used as a dining room.
11. Ecologies say that our planet should be taken care of.
12. The doctor must be sent for immediately.
13. The lecture is over. Questions may be asked.
14. The centre of town should be avoided during rush hours.
15. They agreed that the club membership fee should be raised.

 

 

 

 

Choose the correct grammar form to translate a predicate.


1. Курсовий проект (курсовой проект по деталям машин) був зроблений в минулої середи
a) was being done
b) has been done
c) was done

2. Зараз тут будується новий супермаркет.
a) is being built
b) is building
c) is built

3. На цьому тижні викладач пояснив (викладачем був пояснений) новий
матеріал.
a) had been explained
b) was explained
c) has been explained

4. Нова будівля інституту вже побудували, коли я поступила на юридичний факультет.
a) was built
b) has been built
c) had been built

5. Студентів екзаменують два рази на рік.
a) are being examined
b) is examined
c) are examined

6. «Ви були неуважні, коли пояснювалося це правило», - сказав викладач.
a) was explained
b) had been explained
c) was being explained

7. Квіти вже политі.
a) are watered
b) have been watered
c) were watered

8. Такі столи роблять з дорогого дерева.
a) are being made
b) have been made
c) are made

9. Цей фільм ніколи не показували по телевізору,
a) has never been shown
b) was never shown
c) 'had never been shown

10. Мою квартиру відремонтують до суботи,
a) will be repaired
b) will have been repaired
c) is being repaired

11. Списки все ще друкуються.
a) are typed
b) are being typed
c) have been typed

12. Їх ще не запросили,
a) were not invited
b) had not been invited
c) have not been invited

13. Вам повідомлять про це завтра.
a) will be informed
b) will have been informed
c) are informed

14 Коли я увійшов, обговорення було перервано.
a) had been interrupted
b) was interrupted
c) has been interrupted

15 Земля була покрита снігом.
a) was being covered
b) was covered
c) had been covered

 


lc, 2a, 3c, 4c, 5c, 6c, 7b, 8c, 9a, 10.b, 11.b, 12c, 13a, 14b, 15b




 


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