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THE GERUND (ВПРАВИ З ВІДПОВІДЯМИ)

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE GERUND

 

 

 

 


 

1. You can use either gerunds or infinitives after the following verbs. Find the odd word in the

chain of the verbs.


Example: fancy    avoid     agree     postpone

1)   deny   practise   afford   suggest

2)   offer   mention   risk   mind

3)   put off   prove   learn   aim

4)   admit   fancy   fail   consider

5)   expect   happen   give up   tend

6)   enjoy   endure   imagine  appear

7)   can't help   adore   refuse   carry on

8)   delay   have difficulty   intend   spend time

9)   can't stand   keep   resist   seem

10) be busy   neglect   threaten  plan

 


2. Complete the following sentences using gerunds.


1. (Be) free and alone is a good thing if you are tired of big cities.

2. (Find) you here was a quite a surprise.

3. If this is what you intend (ask) me, stop (waste) your time.

4. They kept on (talk) though the band began (play).

5. Everyone enjoyed (swim) in the river.

6. My watch needs (repair).

7. He never mentioned (live) in Prague.

8. He does not seem to mind (air) the room.

9. Just imagine (go) there together!

10. Don't put of (do) it now. If you postpone (receive) a visa again, you will miss an excellent opportunity of (go)

there.

 


3. Match the parts of the sentences.


1)   Making money

2)   Being born in my provincial town

3)   There is a general feeling all around

4)   He promised them that no harm

5)   Would you mind

a)   would come to them for signing the papers.

b)   looking up his telephone number?

c)   is my dream also.

d)  wasn't much different from being born in Brooklyn.

e)   that her running away was a good thing.

 


4. Complete the following sentences with gerunds formed from the verbs in the box.


buy         comment

answer            sign

pay                 help

recognize        make go

see escape


1.___big prices for famous pictures is now a wealthy man's way of___taxation.

2. English grammar is very difficult and few writers have avoided___mistakes.

3. Maurice was saved from___.by Kate's entry with the tray.

4 The elderly ladies enjoyed___who came in and  out,___old friends, and___unfavourably how these had aged.

5. Of course the contract is mutually beneficial and he is all for___it.

6. The important part of his life is___people.

7. Parks at night is a dangerous place to walk. Avoid___there after darkness.

8. Father suggested ___a new machine.

 

 


5. Make up sentences using gerunds.


1. Forgive (I, take up) so much of your time.

2. Do you mind (he, join) us?

3. Does he feel like (stay) here for another week?

4.1 appreciate (you, encourage) him when he failed in his experiment.

5. Do you know the reason for (he, feel) disappointed?

6. "It's no good (you, hate) it," he said becoming didactic.

7. Only the other day they had been talking about (something, happen),

8, She was listening hard all the time for any sound of (Jan, descend) the stairs.

9. He wishes he'd never told you the truth but it's no use (he, deny) it.

10. Cursing himself for (not learn) to drive a car he woke up Toni.

11. Of course, I should insist on (you, accept) the proper professional fee.

12. Bob was feeling rather unwell, and was not really looking forward to (we, visit) him.

13. My father thinks I am not capable of (earn) my own living.

14. He warned us that there was no point in (we, arrive) half an hour earlier.

15. They were talking about (she, give up) the job and (go) to live in the country.

 

 


6. Open the brackets and use the proper gerund either in the active or passive voice.


1. The speaker was annoyed at (interrupt) every other moment.

2. He showed no sign of (hurt).

3. They showed no sign of (recognize) us.

4. He insists on (pay) for his work done.

5. We did not want to speak to the correspondent and tried to avoid (interview) by him.

6. Excuse me for (give) so much trouble to you.

7. After (examining) by the doctor I was given a sick leave.

8. They deny (rob) the bank, but admit (make) plans about it.

9. The problem is not worth (speak of).

10. Why does he avoid (meet) journalists?

11. She insisted on (show) the files to her.

12. She does not stand (remind) people of their duties and (remind) of hers.

13. He is not used to (speak to) like that.

14. He had never thought of security because he had no idea of (kidnap).

15. Did you succeed in (persuade) your colleagues?

16, The TV set needs (repair).

17. He is looking forward to (give) the main part in the play.

18. After (look through) the papers were registered.

19. He can't do anything without (disturb) anybody or (disturb).

20. Have you ever dreamed of (earn) a million dollars?

 

 


7. Complete the sentences on the right using the gerunds formed from the verbs in the box.

persuade            go

remember   gamble

do                    see

try                 visit

talk             watch

buy                  get

speak               cry


1. Do you ever watch TV? Never. I think it's a waste of time___.

2.1 advise you to see the film which is on at our local cinema. It is worth___.

3. He is speaking too much. I think it's no use___into every detail.

4. Why are you speaking so much of it? To my mind, the matter is not worth___of.

5. Why are you crying? You are seven years old already. Is it good___over the broken doll?

6. Stay in bed then. It is no good.___anything if you feel bad.

7. Have you talked to Alice? Yes, but we had difficulty ___ to her. I did not expect her to be so stubborn. I think it's a

waste of time___her to follow cur advice.

8. She has bought a new fur coat.        Well, to my mind, there is no point in___a new one if she has already got four

coats!

9. What are you going to do tonight? Let's go to the casino. I think it is a waste of money___.

10. Where have you been this summer? In Moscow, I had difficulty___, a visa.

11. She has left for Paris. It's no use___to get in touch with her,

12. England and Brazil are going to play tomorrow. I've already bought tickets. Matches between England and Brazil

are worth ___.

13. Ronald Reagan often used Russian proverbs in his speech. I think he supposed they were worth___.

 

 


8. Fill in the blanks with prepositions after, before, by, on, without.


1. What did she mean___boasting like this?

2. His knowledge has improved___taking a training

course. 3. He could tell the funniest story___smiling.

4.___ entering the house she rushed to the telephone___greeting anybody.

5. You can keep healthy and fit___jogging in the morning.

6. Where did he go___finishing his work?

7.___writing an article about the events he must go to the place where they are taking place. 8.___hearing a woman's

cry he jumped up from his seat.

9.___ going through the customs office he went aboard the plane. 10. She was upset___not

getting an answer from him.

 


9. Fill in the blanks with proper gerunds (use the verbs in the box).


Send   call   go   take   speak   find    accomplish   come   part   laugh   gamble    explain  steal

Cheat   support    live    take    buy

1, He has succeeded in___a difficult task and we are proud of him.

2. You should ask him for help. It seems to me that he is very good at___everything.

3, Mr. Grimsby hasn't got enough experience. I am against___in our work and I object___to the conference.

4. The audience burst out___at the sight of the monkey going through different tricks.

5. Do you know he has given up___?

6.1 don't insist on ___there by plane.

7. Though nobody suspected him of___, his companions accused him of_______ them when he was responsible

for___goods for their company.

8. They are engaged in___new people for their firm. 9. Why do you persist in___him?

10. He is fed up with___alone. He is looking forward to his family___ in two days.

11. They prevented us from___rash steps.

12. She feels like___too much when she drinks a glass of champagne. 13. He decided against___her again.

 

 


10. Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs where necessary.


1. The policeman accused him ___exceeding the speed limit.

2. She has been dreaming___flying to the Bahamas.

3. The rain prevented him___going to the country.

4. They have  decided___buying a new car. 5. He succeeded___being promoted.

6.1 feel___staying at home. It is rather cold. Let's watch a new film on TV instead___going to the picnic.

7. She is fed_______ staying in the village.

8. He went to the disco despite ___having a headache.

9. She is looking_______playing the leading part in the performance.

10.1 think it's no use  ___ trying to get him home.

11. Everybody congratulated her___passing the exam so well.

12. He is not very good___taking decisions quickly.

13. They don't approve___her getting married to James.

14. The police suspect him___drug smuggling.

15. We have difficulty___installing the new equipment.

 

 


11. Paraphrase the sentences using the gerunds. Use prepositions or adverbs where necessary

(gerundial phrases are in bold type).


Example: We have no objections. They may leave at once. — We have no objections to their

leaving at once.

1. He is unable to resist her charm. It's funny.

2. They told the truth. You shouldn't deny it.

3.You shouldn't take advantage of people's weakness. It's no good.

4.1 confided in this man. I admit it.

5. She accepted the proposal. Her mother was displeased with it.

&. We rang the bell» and we were admitted to the hall.

7. I'd like to speak to you frankly. I hope you don't mind it.

8. He is admitted to our closed circle. I object to it.

9. He was afraid that I would change the decision.

10.1 regiet that I gave you so much trouble.

11. After he had studied the weather forecast in great detail, he said he would go back to London.

12. Why do you insist that he should be present there?

13.1 am really ashamed that I haven't written to you for so long.

14. You submitted the report to the secretary. I remember it.

15.1 was prepared to dislike Mr. Kalada even before I met him.

16. He suggested that we should start at once.

17. Mrs, Knight disliked tbatl told the truth.

18. We are looking forward to the fact tl at you will spend the summer with us.

19. He is responsible that the letter is delivered only today.

20. This woman's face attracted his attention as familiar for he remembered that she had passed by

him several times.

Exercise 1

1) afford; 2) offer; 3)put off; 4) fail; 5) give up; 6) appear; 7) refuse; 8) intend; 9) seem; 10) be

busy

Exercise 2

1) being; 2) finding; 3) asking, wasting; 4) talking, playing; 5) swimming; 6) repairing; 7) living;

8) airing; 9) going; 10) doing, receiving, going

Exercise 3

Ic, 2d, 3e, 4a, 5b

Exercise 4

1) paying, escaping; 2) making; 3) answering; 4) seeing, recognizing, commenting; 5) signing; 6)

helping; 7) going; 8) buying

Exercise 5

1. Forgive my taking up so much of your time.

2. Do you mind his joining us?

3. Does he feel like staying here for another week?

4.1 appreciate your encouraging him when he failed in his experiment.

5. Do you know the reason for his feeling disappointed?

6. "It's no good your hating it," he said becoming didactic.

7. Only the other day they had been talking about something happening.

8. She was listening hard all the time for any sound of Jan's descending the stairs.

9. He wishes he'd never told you the truth but it's no use his denying it.

10. Cursing himself for not learning to drive a car he woke up Tony.

11. Of course, I should insist on your accepting the proper professional fee.

12. Bob was feeling rather unwell, and was not really looking forward to our visiting him.

13. My father thinks I am not capable of earning my own living.

14. He warned us that there was no point in our arriving half an hour earlier.

15. They were talking about her giving up the job and going to live in the country.

Exercise 6

1. The speaker was annoyed at being interrupted every other moment.

2. He showed no sign of being hurt.

3. They showed no sign of recognizing us.

4. He insists on being paid for his work done.

5. We did not want to speak to the correspondent and tried to avoid being interviewed by him.

6. Excuse me for giving so much trouble to you. 7. After being examined by the doctor I was given a sick leave.

8. They deny robbing the bank, but admit making plans about it.

9. The problem is not worth speaking of.

10. Why does he avoid meeting journalists?

11. She insisted on showing the files to her.

12. She does not stand reminding people of their duties and being reminded of hers.

13. He is not used to being spoken to like that.

14. He had never thought of security because he had no idea of being kidnapped.

15. Did you succeed in persuading your colleagues?

16. The TV set needs repairing.

17. He is looking forward to being given the main part in the play.

18. After being looked through the papers were registered.

19. He can't do anything without disturbing anybody or being disturbed.

20. Have you ever dreamed of earning a million dollars?

Exercise 7

1) watching;

2) seeing;

3) going;

4) speaking;

5) crying;

6) doing;

7) talking, persuading;

8) buying;

9) gambling;

10) getting;

11) trying;

12)

visiting;

13) remembering

Exercise 8

1) by;

2) after;

3) without;

4) on, without;

5) by;

6) after;

7) before;

8) on;

9) after;

10) by/after

Exercise 9

1) accomplishing;

2) explaining;

3) his taking part, his being sent;

4) laughing;

5) gambling;

6) going;

7) stealing, cheating, buying;

8) finding;

9) supporting;

10) living, coming;

11) taking;

12) speaking;

13) calling

Exercise 10

1) of; 2) of; 3) from; 4) against; 5) in; 6) like, of; 7) up with; 8)___; 9) forward to; 1

0)___; 11) on; 12) at; 13) of; 14) of; 15)___

Exercise 11

1. His being unable to resist r charm is funny.

2. You shouldn't deny their telling the truth.

3. It's no good taking advantage of people's weakness.

4. I admit my confiding in this man.

5. Her mother was displeased with her daughter's accepting the proposal.

6. We were admitted to the hall after ringing the bell.

7. I hope you don't mind my speaking to you frankly.

8. I object to his being admitted to our closed circle.

9. He was afraid of my changing the decision.

10. I regret giving you so much trouble.

11. After studying the weather forecast in great detail, he said he would go back to London.

12. Why do you insist on his being present there?

13. I am really ashamed of not writing to you for so long.

14. I remember your submitting the report to the secretary,

15. I was prepared to dislike Mr. Kalada even before meeting him.

16. He suggested our starting at once.

17. Mrs. Knight disliked my telling the truth.

18. We are looking forward to your spending the summer with us.

19. He is responsible for the letter being delivered only today.

20. This woman's face attracted his attention as familiar for he remembered her passing by

him several times.



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