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THE PARTICIPLE (ВПРАВИ З ВІДПОВІДЯМИ)




THE PARTICIPLE

 

 

 

 


1. Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle I.


1. That night, (go) up to his room he thought of his unpleasant duty.

2. She smiled (remember) the joke.

3. A new road will soon be built (connect) the plant with the railway station.

4. He speaks like a man (take) his opinion of everything.

5. (Not know) that she could trust them she did not know what to do.

6. And (say) this he threw himself back in the armchair.

7. I spent about ten minutes (turn) over the sixteen pages of The Guardian before I found the main news and articles.

8. (Be) so far away he still feels himself part of the community.

9. The boy came out of the water (shake) from top to toe.

10. (Support) her by the arm he helped her out of the taxi.

 

 

2. Paraphrase the following using Participle I where it is possible.


Example: The man who is speaking to Mary is a well-known surgeon. — The man speaking to Mary is a

well-known surgeon.

1. The woman who is working in the garden is my sister.

2. The man who made a report yesterday came back from the USA.

3. I couldn't ring them up because I did not know their telephone number.

4. We went to see our friends who had just returned from a voyage.

5. The sidewalks were crowded with people who were watching the carnival.

6. He had a massive gold watch, which had belonged to his father.

7. He stood at the counter and hesitated, he did not know what to choose.

8. The conferences, which are held at the University every year, are devoted to ecological problems.

9. Unable to attend the conference that took place a month ago, we asked to send the typewritten reports.

10. I ooked at the people who were lying on the beach.

11. The people who are waiting for the doctor have been sitting here for a long time.

12. The man who phoned you yesterday is waiting for you downstairs.

 


3. Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle II.


1. She looked at the table. There was a loaf of brown bread (divide) into two halves.

2. There was another pause (break) by a fit of laughing of one of the old men sitting in the first row.

3. The child (leave) alone in the large room began screaming.

4. The centre of the cotton industry is Manchester (connect) with Liverpool by a canal.

5. The story (tell) by the old captain made the young girl cry.

6. He did not doubt that the information (receive) by morning mail was of great interest for his competitors.

7. The equipment (install) in the shop is rather sophisticated.

8. We've got a great variety of products, which are in great demand. Here are some samples (send)

to our distributors last month.

9. The methods that were applied in the building of the new metro stations proved to be efficient.

10. She warmed over the dinner that she cooked yesterday.

 


4. Paraphrase the following using Participle II.


Example: These are only a few of the attempts, which were made to improve the situation. —

These are only a few of the attempts made to improve the situation.

1. The new job, which has been offered to me lately, seems to be very interesting.

2. He could not recognize the square, which was rebuilt, while he was away.

3. The news, which you've brought to us, is exciting.

4. The things that are left behind by passengers are usually taken to the Lost Property Office.

5. The animals, which were Caught in the morning, struggled furiously.

6. The answer, which had been so long expected, came at last.

7. There was a dead silence in the room, which was broken only by his cough.

8. The sunrays lighted the magnificent house, which was built on the hill.

9. The castle, which was built many years ago, was in good order.

10. The typewriter that was bought a few days ago has gone wrong.

 


5. Open the brackets and use participial constructions with the conjunctions when, white, as if, as

though, if, till, unless.


Example: When you cross the street, be careful at the crossroads. — When crossing the street, be

careful at the crossroads.

1. When he was lying he spoke more quickly than when he was telling the truth.

2. She stood in front of the mirror as if she were speaking to herself.

3. She screamed as though she had been badly hurt.

4. He is a quiet man. He never hurries unless he is pressed for time.

4. While I was waiting for you, I was looking through newspapers and magazines.

5. When he was asked about it, he could say nothing.

6. When the article is translated, it wirH be typed.

7. While I was crossing the street yesterday, I saw an accident.

8. A promise accounts so little till it is kept.

9. When he was a student he used to study at the library.

10. He was hesitating whether for take the step, which if it was mistaken, could put him to trouble.

 


6. Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle I Perfect.


1. (see) so little of the country, I am afraid I cannot answer all your questions.

2. (arrive) two days before the conference he had a lot of time to see Edinburgh.

3. I felt very tired (work) the whole day in the sun.

4. (buy) a pair of gloves we moved to the shoe department.

5. She left (tell) us all she had found out. 6. (get) what he wanted he took his hat and left.

7. By this time (get used) to the atmosphere of the big city, he no longer felt a stranger.

8.1 felt refreshed and rested (sleep) for eight hours.

9. (complete) all our preparations we hired a taxi and hurried off.

10. Never (experience) such difficulties she was at a loss.

 


7. Open the brackets and fill in with the proper participle.


1. He fell asleep (exhaust) by the journey.

2. She entered the dining room (accompany) by her husband and her father. 3

. A snake (sleep) in the grass will bite if anyone treads upon it.

4. (Fill) his pockets with apples the boy was about to run away when he saw the owner of the garden with

a stick in his hand.

5. It was a bright Sunday morning of early summer (promise) heat.

6. When I came home, I found the table (lay).

7. (Judge) by the colour of the sun it should be windy tomorrow.

8. (Arrive) at a big seaport, I started to look for a job.

9, He had received an urgent message (ask) him to telephone Sir Matthew.

10. He looked at groups of young girls (walk) arm in arm.

11. In the wood they sat down on a (fall) tree.

12. (See) from the hill the city looks magnificent.

13. (Not know) where to go he turned to a passer by.

14. (Lock) in her room she threw a fit.

15. (Address) the parcel, I went out at once to post it.

16. She often took care of my little sister (give) me a possibility to play with other boys.

17. (Wash) her face in cold water, she came up to the window and shut it.

18. Paul sat down again, evidently (change) his mind about going.

 


8. Choose the right variant.


1. She stayed___in her room,___to come downstairs.

a)   having locked, refused

b)   locked, refusing

c)   locking, having refused

2. She had a good practical knowledge of French___as an interpreter for many years in France.

a)   working

b)   having worked

c)   worked

3. When we___from our day's outing came into the kitchen, we found dinner___.

a)   returned, serving

b)   having returned, served

c)   returning, having served

4.___by his elbow, Mary listened to their talk.

a)   supported

b)   supporting

c)   having supported

5.___their meal they went for a stroll in the park.

a)   finishingb)   finished

c)   having finished

6. Fruits___in hothouses are not so rich in colour, taste and vitamins as fruits___in natural

conditions.

a)   having grown, grown

b)   grown, growing

c)   growing, having grown

7.___in the reception room he thought over what he would say when he was asked into the

office.

a)   waiting

b)  waited

c)   having waited

8. She used to say sharp and___words to him.

a)   having wounded

b)  wounded

c)   wounding

9. I admired the grounds and trees___the house.

a)   surrounding

b)  having surrounded e)  surrounded

10 She looked at the scene___to the innermost of her heart.

a)   shaking

b)   shaken

c)   having shaken

 


9. Find and correct the mistakes if any.


1, Felt tired and having nothing more to do till he came, she sat into the armchair at the window

having looked at the mountains lighting by the sun.

2. On the walls there were some common coloured pictures, framing and glazed.

3. His house was close at hand, a very pleasant little cottage, painted white, with green blinds.

4, It was the hour of sunset, having unnoticed in the cities, so beautiful in the country.

5. Finished breakfast, he stayed for some minutes in the dining room.

6. Mother smiled looking at the children played in the garden.

7. While reading a book, I came across several interesting expressions.

8. Some questions having touched upon in the report are worth considering.

9. Leaving our suiteases we went sightseeing.

10. Hearing her come into the house he went downstairs.

 


10. Translate into English using participles where possible.


1. Будьте внимательны, когда ведете машину.

2. На листе бумаги было несколько строк, написанных карандашом.

3. Получив телеграмму, моя сестра немедленно выехала в Глазго.

4. Я не знаю человека, говорящего по телефону.

5. Уехав вечером, мы прибыли в город ровно в 6 часов утра (купить часы).

6. Полученное известие взволновало всех.

7. Я оставила ей записку, не застав ее дома.

8. Чувствуя усталость, они решили передохнуть.

9. Я не запомнил имя человека, звонившего вам вчера.

10. Мы сидели на террасе, наслаждаясь чудесным видом гор, окружающих наш отель.

 

 

 

1.

1) going; 2) remembering; 3) connecting; 4) taking; 5) not knowing; 6) saying; 7) turning; 8)

being; 9) shaking; 10) supporting

 

2.

Sentences 2, 4, 6, 9,12 are impossible to paraphrase.

1. The woman working in the garden is my sister.

3. Not knowing their telephone number I couldn't ring them up.

5. The sidewalks were crowded with people watching the carnival.

7. He stood at the counter and hesitated not knowing what to choose.

8. The conferences held at the University every year are devoted to ecological problems.

10. I looked at the people lying on the beach.

11. The people waiting for the doctor have been sitting  here for a long time.

 

 

3.

1) divided; 2) broken; 3) left; 4) connected; 5) told; 6) received; 7) installed; 8) sent; 9) applied;

10) cooked


4.

1. The new job offered to me lately seems to be very interesting.

2. He could not recognize the square rebuilt while he was away.

3. The news brought to us is exciting.

4. The things left behind by passengers are usually taken to the Lost Property Office.

5. The animals caught in the morning struggled furiously.

6. The answer, so long expected, came at last.

7. There was a dead silence in the room broken only by his cough.

8. The sunrays lighted the magnificent house built on the hill.

9. The castle built many years ago was in good order.

10. The typewriter bought a few days ago has gone wrong.


5.

1. When lying he spoke more quickly than when telling the truth.

2. She stood in front of the mirror as if speaking to herself.

3. She screamed as though badly hurt.

4. He is a quiet man. He never hurries unless pressed for time.

4. While waiting for you, I was looking through newspapers and magazines.

6. When asked about it, he could say nothing.

6. When translated, the article will be typed.

7. While crossing the street yesterday, I saw an accident.

8. A promise accounts so little till kept.

9. When a student he used to study at the library.

10. He was hesitating whether to take the step, which if mistaken, could put him to trouble.

 

6.

1. Having seen so little of the country, I am afraid I cannot answer all your questions.

2. Having arrived two days before the conference he had a lot of time to see-Edinburgh.

3. I felt very tired having worked the whole day in the sun.

4. Having bought a pair of gloves we moved to the shoe department.

5. She left having told us all she had found out.

6. Having got what he wanted he took his hat and left.

7. By this time having got used to the atmosphere of the big city, he no longer felt a stranger.

8. I felt refreshed and rested having slept for eight hours.

9. Having completed all our preparations we hired a taxi and hurried off.

10. Having never experienced such difficulties she was at a loss.

 

7.

1) exhausted; 2) accompanied; 3) sleeping; 4) Having filled; 5) promising; 6) laid; 7) Judging; 8)

Having arrived-9) asking; 10) walking; 11) fallen; 12) Seen; 13) Not knowing; 14) Locked; 15)

Having addressed; 16) giving-17) Having washed; 18) having changed

 

8.

lb, 2b, 3b, 4a, 5c, 6b, 7a, 8c, 9a, lOb

 

9.

Correct sentences: 3, 7,10

1. Feeling tired and having nothing more to do till he came, she sat into the armchair at the window looking at the

mountains lit by the sun.

2, On the walls there were some common coloured pictures, framed and glazed.

4. It was the hour of sunset, unnoticed in the cities, so beautiful in the country.

5. Having finished breakfast he stayed for some minutes in the dining room.

6. Mother smiled looking at the children playing in the garden. ». borne questions touched upon in the report are worth

considering.

9. Having left our suitcases we went sightseeing.

 

10.

1. Be attentive when driving a car.

2. On the sheet of the paper there were several lines written in pencil

3. Having received a telegram my sister immediately left for Glasgow.

4. I don't know the man speaking on the phone.

5. Having gone in the evening, we arrived in the city at 6 a.m.

6. The news received made everybody excited.

7. I left her a message not having caught her at home.

8. Feeling tired they decided to have a rest.

9. I did not remember the name of the person who rang you up yesterday.

10. We sat on the terrace enjoying a wonderful view of the mountains surrounding our hotel.





 

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