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SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD (УМОВНИЙ СПОСІБ). Had better/ would rather/ prefer (ВПРАВИ З ВІДПОВІДЯМИ)

 

 

 

Subjunctive Mood. Had better/ would rather/ prefer

 

 

 

 



I had better not take a taxi. - Я краще не буду брати таксі.
I had better take a taxi. - Я краще візьму таксі.



I would rather stay here. - Я краще залишуся тут.


I would rather have done (have done - перфектний інфінітив, він вживається, коли мова йде про минуле).

I would rather have gone to Italy last winter. - Я краще б поїхав в Італію минулої зими.



I would rather you did ... (Ця структура вживається про сьогодення і майбутнє)

I 'd rather you did the shopping today. - Я волів би, щоб ти зробив покупки сьогодні.


I would rather you had done ... (Ця структура вживається про минуле)

I'd rather she had gone there yesterday. - Я волів би, щоб вона з'їздила туди вчора.

 

 

 

Поставте дієслова в дужках в потрібній формі:


1.    A: I'm going out in a minute.
B: So am I, so you'd better ...take... (take) your keys with you.


2.    A: Do you watch much television?
B: No. I prefer ……………………….. (read) books to ………………… (watch) television.


3.    A: I didn't enjoy the concert much.
B: Nor did I! I would rather they ………………….. (play) more modern music.


4.    A: Shall we go to that new restaurant this evening?
B: Good idea. We had better ……………………. (book) a table.


5.    A: Shall I tidy your bedroom for you?
B: I'd rather you …………………. (not/tidy) it. I'll do it later.


6.    A: Shall we go for a walk this afternoon?
B: No. I would prefer …………….. (stay) here and read a book.


7.    A: My brother prefers ……………… (play) computer games to………………….(do) his homework.
B: So does mine.


8.    A: Did you enjoy the play last night?
B: No. I'd rather ……………………….. (go) to the cinema.


9.    A: I'd  rather you ……………………… (not/make)  so much noise.
B: Sorry. I'll try to be quiet.


10.    A: You had better ………………………….. (work) hard at your new job.
B: I will. I want to make a good impression.


11.    A: Paul has bought Tania a present.
B: Yes, but we'd better …………………. (not/mention) it. It might be a surprise.


12.    A: Did you enjoy the party last night?
B: Yes, but I would rather we ……………. (stay) a little longer.


13.    A: Shall we spend the evening together?
B: Well, actually, I'd prefer ………………… (spend) some time alone.


14.    A: That meal was terrible. I'd rather ………………… (eat) at home.
B: It was very expensive, too.


15.    A: It's the company's office party tomorrow.
B: Yes. To be honest, I'd rather ………………….. (not/go).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. take
  2. reading, watching
  3. had played
  4. book
  5. didn't tidy
  6. to stay
  7. playing, doing
  8. have gone
  9. didn't make
  10. work
  11. not mention
  12. had stayed
  13. to spend
  14. have eaten
  15. not go

 

 

Exercise 1.


Fill in the blanks with the particle to where necessary.


1. I'd rather (listen) to the radio than (see) this soap opera on TV, — As for me, I prefer (watch) TV. You'd better (take) a radio and (go) for a walk.

2. You are cold. You'd better (sit) near the fireplace.

3. She'd prefer (fly) rather than (go) by train. The plane saves time.

4. I'd rather (not go) to the country tomorrow. The weather leaves much to be desired.

5. You'd better (take) an aspirin. You look bad.

6. He preferred (put on) a brown suit.

7. She prefers (not wear) shoes with high heels.

8. I want to get thinner so I'd rather (walk) than (go) by car.

9. You'd better (buy) a mobile telephone, it's more convenient.

10. I'd prefer (go) there in July.

 


Exercise 2.


Make up sentences.

Example: I/prefer/go alone/go with him. — I prefer to go alone rather than go with him.


1. I'd rather/stay at home/go out

2. He/prefer/solve  a problem immediately/postpone it

3. I'd/prefer/buy it tonight/go shopping early in the morning

4. They'd/  prefer/go to the restaurant/cook dinner at home

5. I'd  rather/die/betray my friends

6. She/prefer/go to the country/stay in town

7. I'd rather/go to the movies/  watch the VCR

8. We'd/prefer/read a book/see a screened version

9. She/prefer/drink a cup of juice/have a substantial breakfast

10. I'd rather/go to the museum/  stay at home

 


Exercise 3.


Open the brackets and put the verb into | the corresponding form.

Example: I'd rather you (do) the job yourself. — I'd rather you did the job yourself.


1. I'd rather he (go) on holiday in March.

2. Would you rather I (cook) the supper?

3. I'd rather they (go) with us.

4. Would you rather he (play) the leading part?

5. I'd rather she (buy) a new TV instead of a freezer.

6. Would you rather I (not know) anything?

7. I'd rather you (ask) me a straight question.

8. Would you rather he (make) a new attempt?

9. I'd rather she (enter) the university.

10. Would you rather she (not interfere)?

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise 1

1) listen, see, to watch, take, go;
2) sit;
3) to fly, (to) go;
4) not go;
5) take;
6) to put on;
7) not wear;
8) walk, go;
9) buy;
10) to go



Exercise 2

1. I'd rather stay at home than go out.
2. He prefers to solve a problem immediately rather than postpone it.
3. I'd prefer to buy it tonight rather than go shopping early in the morning.
4. They'd prefer to go to the restaurant rather than cook dinner at home.
5. I'd rather die than betray my friends.
6. She prefers to go to the country rather than stay in town.
7. I'd rather go to the movies than watch the VCR.
8. We'd prefer to read a book rather than see a screened version.
9. She prefers to drink a cup of juice rather than have a substantial breakfast.
10. I'd rather go to the museum than stay at home.



Exercise 3

1. I'd rather he went on holiday in March.
2. Would you rather I cooked the supper?
3. I'd rather they went with us.
4. Would you rather he played the leading part?
5. I'd rather she bought a new TV instead of a freezer.
6. Would you rather I did not know anything?
7. I'd rather you asked me a straight question.
8. Would you rather he made a new attempt?
9. I'd rather she entered the university.
10. Would you rather she did not interfere?






 

 


 

 

 

 



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