Exercise 1.

Choose the correct form of pronouns in brackets.

1. What colour is the shirt? It is so far that I can't see (it's/its/it) colour.

2. They rarely drive to (their/them/ theirs) office. They live near (it's/it/its).

3. Look at (me/ mine/my) new watch. Do you like (it/them/its)?

4. These books are (her/hers). Give (them/their/theirs) to (hers/ her).

5. Do you like (you/your/yours) new car? — Oh, (it's/it/its) has never let me down yet.

6. (Theirs/Their/ Them) work is much more difficult than (you/yours/ your) or (me/mine/my).

7. Why are (you/your/yours) sitting here? It is not (you/your/yours) desk, it is (me/ mine/my).

8. This tape recorder of (her/hers/she) is always out of order. — But so is (you/your/yours)!

9. She has not read a line of (you/your/yours), how can she criticize (you/your/yours) books?

10. The clock has stopped. Something may be wrong with (it's/it/its) spring.

11. (We/Our/Ours) was the last turn.

12. (Their/Theirs/ Them) knowledge of French is not much more superior to (we/our/ours).

13. He is a friend of (us/our/ours). (He/ His/Him) house is opposite (us/our/ours).

14. If these gloves are neither (she/her/hers) nor (you/your/yours), then they should be (me/my/mine).

15. He can live without (me/my/mine) help but not without (them/their/theirs).



1) its; 2) their, it; 3) my, it; 4) hers, them, her; 5) your, it; 6) their, yours, mine; 7) you, your, mine; 8) hers, yours; 9) yours, your; 10) its; 11) ours; 12) their, ours; 13) ours, his, ours; 14) hers, yours, mine; 15) my, theirs



Exercise 2.

Translate the sentences into English.

1. Хто там? - Відкрийте, це я.

2. Мій будинок на правій стороні вулиці, а їх - на лівій.

3. Їх човен був швидше нашої.

4. Як звуть вашу собаку? - Її звати Квін.

5. У цьому районі побудована нсвая дорога. Її довжина понад трьохсот кілометрів.

6. Це ваша ручка, а це його, але де ж моя?

7. Вона взяла мої ключі замість своїх.

8. Самий кращий план - ваш.

9. Чию роботу будуть npоверять (clieek up) - Джона і Кет?

10. Його автомобіль невеликий, але мотор (engine) у нього потужний.

11. Это - курсы французского.




1. Who is it? — Open, it's me. 2. My house is on the right side of the street, and theirs is on the left one, 3. Their boat was faster than ours. 4. What's your dog's name? — Its name is Queen. 5. A new road has been built in this region. Its length is more than 300 kilometers. 6. It is your pen, and this is his, but where is mine? 7. She took my keys instead of hers. 8, The best plan is yours. 9. Whose work will be checked up, John's or Kate's? 10. His car is not very big, but it? engine is powerful.



myself / yourself / himself / herself / itself / ourselves / themselves


Exercise 3.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate reflexive pronouns and translate the sentences into Russian.

1. I opened the door and found___facing a stranger.

2. Go and see it for___if you like.

3. The newcomers built the houses___.

4. Would you mind keeping your words to ___?

5. He has injured ______ .

6. During the breaks they amused _____ in the bar.

7. We protect.___from the cold with warm things.

8. She settled___in the armchair as comfortably as she could.

9. You can trust him. He is honesty __.

10. He cut____shaving this morning.

11 She burnt ___ironing a dress.

12. Don't blame___. It is not your fault.

13. Did you cut your hair___or did you go to the hairdresser's?

14. Aren't you hungry? Help___to the meat. It's delicious.

15. How did you enjoy___?

16. We must discuss everything to find the way out. Pull___together.

17. She dried___with a blue towel.

18. He felt___getting angry.

19. They had to excuse ___ for their strange behaviour.

20. I want to insure___against any losses.


1) myself; 2) yourself; 3) themselves; 4) yourself;  himself; 6) themselves; 7) ourselves; 8) herself; 9) itself; 10) himself; 11) herself; 12) yourself; 13) your­self; 14) yourself; 15) yourself; 16) yourself; 17) herself; 18) himself; 19) themselves; 20) myself



Exercise 4.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate reflexive pronouns where necessary.

1. Have a good time. Try to relax___and enjoy___.

2. She decided to excuse___his bad behavior.

3. Why don't you want to concentrate___?

Pull___together and start work.

4. She did not know where to hide___.

5. Though it was rather cold in the room he felt__hot.

6. Have you shaved___today?

7. She found___in an awkward situation.

8. Did the children behave___?

9. We protected___against damage.

10. She stopped crying, washed___, and decided to go downstairs.



1)___; yourself; 2)___; 3)___; yourself; 4)____; 5)___; 6)___; 7) herself; 8) themselves; 9) ourselves; 10) ___  .



Exercise 4a.

Replace the words in bold type by expressions with reflexive pronouns.

1.1 saw it with my own eyes.

2. You needn't come in person.

3. He left us alone.

4. She lives on her own.

5. Did you study English without a teacher?

6. The girl apologized for her behaviour.

7. We were quite alone in the room.

8. Take the cake, please.

9. They divided the work between each other.

10. It is your own fault.



1. I  saw it myself. 2. You needn't come yourself, 3. He left us to ourselves. 4. She lives by herself. 5. Did you study English (by) yourself? 6. The girl excused herself for her bad behaviour. 7. We were in the room by ourselves. 8. Help yourself to the cake. 9. They divided the work between themselves. 10. You are to take the blame upon yourself.




Exercise 5.

Translate the sentences into English using reflexive pronouns where necessary.

1. Я сам дізнаюся, чи краще він себе почуває.

2. Ми не очікували, що він сам зробить роботу так добре.

3. Ми провели вихідні за містом і отримали велике задоволення, збираючи гриби (mushrooms).

4. Ви повинні взяти себе в руки. Подивіться на себе в дзеркало. Поголіться, прийміть холодний душ,

розітріться рушником (towel) і поїжте, нарешті.

5. Нарешті ми опинилися в місті і вирішили трохи розслабитися.

6. Не ходи сьогодні в школу, якщо ти погано себе почуваєш.

7. Подивіться, скільки смачних речей на столі! Пригощайтеся.

8. Може бути, вона пояснить все сама.

9. Чому ти ховаєшся?

10. «Поводьтеся як слід!» - Суворо (strict) сказав учитель.



1.I will find out myself if he feels better. 2. We did  not expect him to do the work by himself so well. 3. We spent the weekend in the country and enjoyed ourselves gathering mushrooms. 4. You must pull yourself together. Look at yourself. Have a shave, take a cold shower, dry yourself with a towel and have a meal at last. 5. We found ourselves in town at last and decided to relax, 6. Don't go to school today if you feel bad. 7. Look how many delicious things are on the table. Help yourself. 8. She may explain everything by herself. 9. Why are you hiding? 10. "Behave yourselves!" said the teacher in a strict tone.




some / any / no



Exercise 6.

Fill in the blanks with some, any, no.


1. Unfortunately, they have got___money.

2. She wanted___stamps, but there were not___in the machine.

3. Is there___salt on the table? — No, there isn't.

4. I'd like to buy___new clothes, but I haven't___money.

5. When would you like to come? —___day would suit me.

6. If you had___sense you wouldn't have left your car unlocked.

7. She did not answer all the letters because she had___time.

8. Do you have___small change? — Hardly ___.

9. He returned home without___money.

10. Could you help me? I have___problems with my research.



1) no; 2) some, any; 3) any; 4) some, any; 5) any; 6) any; 7) no; 8) any, any; 9) any; 10) some



something / somebody / someone / somewhere


Exercise 7.

Make sentences interrogative and negative.

1. He lives somewhere near here.

2. Something fell on the floor in the kitchen.

3. Somebody from the Department of Education is here.

4. There is something in what he says.

5. They knew something about it.

6. There is someone in the room.

7. I want to tell you something.

8. Someone is knocking at the door.

9. I saw this man somewhere.

10. Something has happened to her.



1. Does he live anywhere near here? He does not live anywhere near here. 2. Did anything fall on the floor in the kitchen? Nothing fell on the floor in the kitchen. 3. Is anybody from the Department of Education here? Nobody from the Department of Education is here. 4. Is there anything in what he says? There is nothing in what he says. 5. Did they know anything about it? They knew nothing about it. 6. Is there anybody in the room? There is nobody in the room. 7. Do you want to tell me anything? I don't want to tell you anything, 8. Is anyone knocking at the door? No one is knocking at the door. 9. Did you see this man anywhere? I saw this man nowhere. 10. Has anything happened to her? Nothing has happened to her.



something / anything / someone / anybody /

anything / nothing nowhere / somewhere


Exercise 8.

Choose the appropriate pronoun.

1. She was said that (someone/anybody) was waiting for her in the street.

2. He was standing by the window and was looking (nobody/somewhere) on the right.

3. I don't remember (someone/anyone) else,

4. Have you read (something/anything) by Oscar Wilde?

5. Could you give me (something/anything) to eat?

6. If (someone/anyone) comes, let me know immediately.

7. I haven't heard from her for a month. I am afraid, (nothing/something) has happened to her.

8. Have you read (something/anything) about this author? — No, I've read (something/nothing).

9. She refused to say (something/anything) because she thought she was being treated unfairly.

10. What's the Batter? Why are you crying? Has (anything/something) happened to your mother? She told me she'd

had a heart attack yesterday.

11. Would you like (something/ anything) to drink? Whisky or gin?

12. She is still (nowhere/somewhere) abroad.

13. I have (anything/ nothing) to add.

14. The sick man was able to get up without (someone's/anyone's) help.

15. (Anybody/ Nobody) could do this work. It's very simple.



1) someone; 2) somewhere; 3) anyone; 4) anything; 5) something; 6) anyone; 7) something; 8) anything, nothing; 9) anything; 10) something; 11) something; 12) somewhere; 13) nothing; 14) anyone's; 15) anybody



some / any


Exercise 9.

Fill in the blanks with  some, any, no making the appropriate compounds if necessary.


1. Is there___here who speaks English?

2. Do you  have___idea where I can borrow___money here?

3____ tells me you have got bad news for me.

4. He had___ idea what to do next.

5. I am sorry, but the practical experience shows that his work is of__„.value.

6. Our professor wanted to make up _____ exercises to teach the pupils how to use a dictionary. 7. I am sorry but there is ___ message for you.

8. Hardly ___ understood what he meant.

9. We didn't think he'd succeed, but he managed ___.

10. I can't find my glasses____.

11. If there is___ message for me, please send it to me.

12. I  don't know ___about it. He said___about it in his last letter.

13. He is Mr. Know-All. He can give you___information you need.

14. Where can I find___here who can give

me___advice on this question?

15. I don't like that every evening you go___.


1) anyone/anybody; 2) any, some; 3) something; 4) nr; 5) no; 6) some; 7) no; 8) anybody; 9) somehow; 10) any­where; 11) any; 12) anything, nothing; 13) any; 14) any­body/anyone, some; 15) somewhere



Exercise 10.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun.

1. Why are___of you talking? Hardly___is listening to me.

2. No, I have___to add. 3. Has___asked you about this matter?

4. ____of them have been there either.

5. You'd better not speak to___cf them,

6. Can___of you go there?

7. I am sure they kept silence.___of them

spoke about this.

8. I did not know that___of you had already seen it.

9. Write to us___interesting, will you?

10. Could___of you answer suth a difficult question?


l)some, anybody; 2) nothing; 3) anybody/anyone; 4) none; 5) any; 6) any; 7) none; 8) some; 9) something; 10)any



Exercise 11.

Translate into English.

A 1. Я не читав ніяких книжок цього письменника.

2. Якщо щось станеться, це не моя вина (fault).

3. Ви можете купити цей журнал для мене? Я ніде його не бачу.

4. Хто-небудь ще прийшов?

5. Переступник (criminal) ніде не зможе сховатися (disappear), ніщо і ніхто не допоможе йому.

6. Купи-небудь поїсти, у нас в холодильнику (fridge) нічого немає.

7. Чому ти так розсердився? Ніхто не знав про його приїзд.

8. Ця людина ніколи нічого не боїться.

9. Я знайшов чиюсь шапку.

10. Мені здається, з нею щось трапилось.

11. Будь-хто може купити ці куртки (jacket). Вони досить дешеві.

12., Не мовчи (keep silent), скажи що-небудь.

В 1. Хтось залишив вікно відкритим.

2. Мені хто-небудь дзвонив?

3. Ви що-небудь читали про економіку (economy) цієї країни? - Майже нічого.

4. Я нікому з них не говорив про його пропозицію (offer).

5. Хочете що-небудь випити?

6. Він майже нікого не знав у цьому місті.

7. Вас хто-небудь з них запрошував на цей вечір?

8. Ти б хотів поїхати кудись влітку?

9. Хтось із нас повинен піти дуда.

10. Поліцейський покизав мені кілька фотографій, але я нікого не впізнав.

11. Він нічого не повідомив про це.

12. Якщо хто-небудь подзвонить, я буду вдома в 8:00.

13. Ми відмовилися що-небудь робити.

14. Він зробив це без будь-якого розрішення.

15. Тобі щось потрапило в око?



A 1. I haven't read any books by this writer. 2. I anything happens, it is not my fault. 3. Can you buy this magazine for me? I see it nowhere. 4. Has anybody else come? 5. The criminal won't be able to disappear Anywhere, nothing and nobody will help him. 6. Could you buy something to eat? We have nothing in the fridge. 7- Why did you get so angry? Nobody knew about his arrival. 8. This man is never afraid of anything. 9.1 found somepne's cap. 10.1 think something has happened to her. 11. Any person can buy these jackets. They are rather cheap. 12. Don't keep silent. Say something.

В 1. Somebody has left the window open. 2. Has anybody phoned me? 3. Have you read anything about the economy of this country? — Hardly anything. 4.1 did not tell any of them about his offer. 5. Would you like something to drink? 6. He knew hardly anybody in the town. 7. Did any of them invite you to the party? 8, Would you like to go anywhere in summer? 9. Some of us must go there. 10. The policeman showed me several photos, but I did not recognize anybody. 11. He informed nothing of it. 12. If anybody calls, I'll be at home at 8 o'clock. 13. We refused to do anything. 14. He did it without anybody's permission. 15. Did you have something in your eye?




any / every


Exercise 12.

Fill in the blanks with any, every or cor­responding compound pronouns.

1. It was a small village where___could tell you___about___.

2. He goes there___day. You can find him at ___time between ten and twelve.

3. She told you___ she could. There is hardly ___to add.

4. With your complexion your can buy a blouse of___colour.

5. ___ is here. You can ask___.

6. Has___forgotten to sign his name in the list?

7___who has lost his credit card must declare about it immediately.

8. There was a dead silence. ___was listening to the speaker.

9. You needn't explain ___ else.___understood___.

10.___knows what to do.



1) everybody, everything, anybody; 2) every, any; 3) everything, anything; 4) any; 5) everybody, anybody; 6)anybody; 7) anybody; 8)everybody; 9)anything, everybody, everything; 10) everybody



Exercise 13.

Choose the appropriate word out of those given in brackets.

A each/every

1.___child wants to visit Disneyland.

2.___ witness was questioned in turn.

3. They___have a comfortable flat.

4. You can come here___day.

5.___of us would be happy to help you.

6.___patient wants to be healthy.

7. Planes fly to St. Petersburg  ___ hour.

8. The performance was a success.___place was taken.

9. This book is divided into 20 units and ___of them has a different title.

10.___passenger must fasten the belt when the plane takes off or lands.





В either/any/neither/none

1. There are many good inns in Scotland. While travelling, you may stay in___of them.

2. I saw two plays in this theatre, but___of them impressed me. Rita says she saw several plays there, but she liked___

of them.

3. John and Pete did not pass an exam yesterday because___was ready for it.

4. The Finns' sisters are arriving tomorrow.___of the two girls is very pretty, but___of them is married yet.

5. There are a few cafes in this district, but___of them is good.

6. What would

you prefer, tea or coffee? —___will do.

7. The woman carried a bag in___hand.

8. There were four applicants but___ of them impressed me.

9. There is a village on bank of the river

10. Can he speak French or German? —___. He is not good at languages.



A 1) every; 2) each; 3) each; 4) every; 5) each; 6) every; 7) every; 8) every; 9) each; 10) every

В  1) any; 2) neither, none; 3) neither; 4) either, neither; 5) none; 6) either; 7) either; 8) none; 9) either; 10) neither



Exercise 14.

Fill in the blanks with the forms is or are.

1. Neither he nor she___there.

2. Neither they nor she___there.

3. Neither he nor they___there.

4. Both Alice and Kate___in time.

5. Either you or she___ right.

6. Both the old and the young___having a good time at the party.

7. Either Jack or Jane___going on business to London.

8. Neither Pete nor his parents___ aware of the coming danger.

9. Neither he nor his relatives ___present at the wedding.

10. Either he or they___ going to do it.

11. Both Mom and Dad ___at home.

12. Neither Nick nor Mary___in class today.

13. Both ___present, but neither___helpful.



l)is; 2) is; 3) are; 4) are; 5) is; 6) are; 7) is; 8)аre; 9) are; 10) are; 11) are, 12) is, 13) are, is



Exercise 15.

Choose the correct variant.

1. Please give me___copy of the magazine.

a)  other  b) another  c)  the other  d) others

2. I see only five boys here. Where are___ones?

a) another  b) others  c)  the others  d) the other

3. There were seven people on the beach; two of them  were bathing,___were playing volleyball.

a)   the others  b)   another   c)   others d)   other

4.1 can give you only a small dictionary, I have got no

a)  the other  b) another  c)  other  d) the others

5. Two of their guests left rather early,___stayed till midnight.

a)  the other  b) another  c)  the others  d) other

6. Well, kid,___fifty yards and you will be at home.

a)  another  b) other  c) the other  d) others

7. There have been two oranges on the table. One is .here, and where is___?

a)   another  b)   the other  c)   others  d)   other

8. I'm going to stay here for___few days.

a)   the other  b)   others  c)   the others  d)   another

9.1 think you should choose___colour. This one is too dark.

a)   other  b)   another  c)   the other  d)   others

10. Why is he so selfish? He never thinks about___.

a)  other  b) the other  c)  others  d) the others



Ib, 2d, За, 4с, 5c, 6a, 7b, 8d, 9b, 10с



Exercise 16.

Choose the right variant.

1. There/It comes a time when you start to remember your youth.

2. I suppose there/it will snow tomorrow.

3. Look, there/it is snow on the ground.

4. There/It remains nothing to be done.

5. He is right, there/it no doubt about it.

6. Is there/it anything the matter?

7. There/It is windy outside.

8. There/It is a strong wind today,

9. Once upon a time there/it lived a princess.

10. There/It is light in the room. Turn on the light, please.

11. The traffic is heavy in this street. There/It is a lot of noise.

12. There/It is very noisy in this street because there/it is heavy traffic.

13. They are happy, there/it goes without saying.

14. There/ It follows that there/it is no solution to the problem.

15. There/It is a light in the distance.



1) there; 2) it; 3) there; 4) there; 5) there; 6) there; 7) it; 8) there; 9) there; 10) it; 11) there; 12) it, there-; 13) it; 14) it, there; 15) there



Exercise 17.

Translate the following sentences into English.

1. Якщо хтось із вас хоче поставити запитання, підійміть (raise) руку.

2. Обидва були готові допомогти їй, але жоден не знав, як це зробити.

3. Якщо ти пройдеш (take) ще кілька дієслово, ти побачиш море.

4. Кожна дівчинка хоче бути красивою.

5. Всі були раді бачити її.

6. По обидві сторони річки був ліс.

7. Кожен з нас може зробити таку помилку.

8. У мене дві сумки: одна чорна, а інша коричнева.

9. Ні Тома, ні його батьків немає



1. If any of you wants to ask a question, raise yon hand. 2. Both of them were ready to help her, but neither-of them knew how to do it. 3. If you take another few steps, you'll see the sea. 4. Every girl wants to b beautiful. 5. Everybody was glad to see her. 6. There,» was a wood on either bank of the river. 7. Each of us ca make such a mistake. 8. I've got two bags: one is black the other is brown. 9. Neither Tom nor his parents went at home. 10. The doctor examined each patient in turn